India Now - page 48

I NNOVAT I ON CORNE R
E R A M S C I E N T I F I C S O L U T I O N S
52
APRIL-MAY 2015
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through government funds, especially
under the renewed focus on
Swachch
Bharat
(Clean India). The enterprise
is also working on the next generation
prototype of eToilets that are self-
sustainable and nutrient-energy-water
recovering and meet international
standards. ESS is collaborating with
other grantees of the Bill and Melinda
Gates Foundation for recovering water,
energy, fertilisers or a combination of
one or more of them through suitable
sewage management solutions. Anoth-
er work in progress is in collaboration
with California Institute of Technology
(CALTECH), Duke University and Uni-
versity of South Florida (USF) to inte-
grate various models of eToilets with
the processing units of the internation-
al collaborators and test the combined
systems in several locations across
India. The field trial with University of
South Florida is part of another BMGF
(Gates Foundation) collaborated grant,
promoted by Biotechnology Industry
Research Assistance Council (BIRAC),
Government of India, which is nearing
approval and initiation. The association
with IDEO.org is yet another project
supported by the BMGF. Eram has also
been successful in integrating environ-
ment-friendly sewage treatment units
in association with established national
and international players like Defence
Research and Development Organisa-
tion (DRDO) and ISEA, Italy.
The social enterprise has an ambitious
vision of sanitation. Sadath says “A public
sanitation infrastructure that will be of
global standard and connected through
various mobile and web-based technolo-
gies to increase access and enable moni-
toring. This will also bring developing
nations at par with developed countries
in terms of public health and sanita-
tion.” The ultimate goal of the sanitation
innovator is “zeroing in on the need for
an unerring, reliable and safe sanitation
system integrated with an efficient sew-
age treatment system,” informs Sadath.
Certainly, a surefire way towards achiev-
ing the vision of Swachh Bharat!
General Features
Easy to install
Consumes less water
Power efficient
Enhanced cleanliness through auto
flushes & floor washing
Unmanned operations
Coin operated entry/free access
Onsite waste treatment using
anaerobic biodegradation
No regular manual cleaning/
maintenance required
Outdoor advertising space on eToilet
panels
Built for Mild Steel eToilet- access
controlled main door and side walls
made of Powder Coated Mild Steel
(MS)/CRS. Toilet floor and closet are
to be Stainless Steel grade 304
Built for Stainless Steel eToilet-
access controlled main door and side
walls made of SS grade 304. Toilet
floor and closet are to be Stainless
Steel grade 304
Functionalities
Pre flush, Auto flush, Platform
cleaning
Stainless Steel platform with SS
closet
Stainless Steel/Mild Steel Assembly
structure
Sensors for Water/Electricity
Conservation
In-built water tank on top
Web reports on health status
Wash Basin & Health Faucet
Power Backup
Napkin Vending Machines &
Incinerators for women toilets
(optional)
operated entry ensure low maintenance.
The toilets are programmed to flush
1.5 litres of water after three minutes
of usage and 4.5 litres for longer usage,
which ensures low water consumption.
The performance status of the units can
also be monitored via web using GPRS
connectivity of the units. A full-cycle
approach in sustainable sanitation is
incorporated in the eToilet by integrat-
ing electrical, mechanical and web-
mobile technologies.
Talking about the company’s R&D
strengths, Sadath says, “We have over
six years of experience in implement-
ing a high-end public urban sanitation
model with multiple revenue sources
across India.” The core team com-
prises experts with more than 15-20
years experience in conceptualising
and implementing large scale ICT
for Development (ICT4D) projects
in India. Its 15-member R&D team is
currently implementing the Reinvent
the Toilet Challenge (RTTC) Round 2
project which will culminate with an
imperial model to be demonstrated at
the RTTC fair. Dr Ahmed envisions a
future in water and sanitation where
waste water treatment industry and
public sanitation facilities would stand
for the principle of recycle, recover and
reuse and will be pro-earth. Powered by
this goal, the company is working on a
concept of entrepreneur-driven models
in sanitation, which would provide the
twin benefits of upkeep of sanitation
facilities and livelihood to marginalised
segments, and continuous work on
low-cost electronic public toilets. The
web enabled health status report
system started by Eram Scientific in
Kerala is going to be replicated across
geographies.
Enumerating the projects in the pipe-
line, Sadath says, “The latest in the line
of eToilets is the e-Lite 14 eToilet for
schools which is the world’s most eco-
nomically priced, solar-powered elec-
tronic toilet.” The company will now
be pushing this model under the cor-
porate social responsibility route and
ANATOMY OF SUSTAINABLE
E-TOILET SYSTEM
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