Indian Banking Sector: Brief Introduction
The Indian Banking sector has been successful in maintaining its growth trajectory due to low defaulter ratio, least complicated financial products, regular intervention by central bank, proactive adjustment of monetary policy and so called conventional banking culture, which helped the industry survive through global financial turmoil.
Macro-level drivers such as favourable demographics, robust economic growth and under-penetration are benefitting the Indian Banking sector and hence the financial year 2011-12 is anticipated to be another good year for the industry, according to industry report card titled 'Indian banks are likely to ride an economic growth wave' by research firm Standard & Poor's (S &P).
Major statistics, developments, government policies and outlook pertaining to the sector are discussed hereafter.
Indian Banking Sector: Key Statistics
- According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)'s 'Quarterly Statistics on Deposits and Credit of Scheduled Commercial Banks', March 2011, Nationalised Banks, as a group, accounted for 53.0 per cent of the aggregate deposits, while State Bank of India (SBI) and its associates accounted for 21.6 per cent. The share of New private sector banks, Old private sector banks, Foreign banks and Regional Rural banks in aggregate deposits was 13.4 per cent, 4.6 per cent, 4.4 per cent and 3 per cent respectively.
With respect to gross bank credit also, nationalised banks hold the highest share of 52.8 per cent in the total bank credit, with SBI and its associates at 22.1 per cent and New Private sector banks at 13.2 per cent. Foreign banks, Old private sector banks and Regional Rural banks held relatively lower shares in the total bank credit with 4.9 per cent, 4.6 per cent and 2.4 per cent respectively.
The report also found that scheduled commercial bank offices (with deposits of INR 10 crore or more) accounted for 69.1 per cent of the bank offices, 97.3 per cent in terms of aggregate deposits and 95.6 per cent in total bank credit.
- Another statement from RBI has revealed that bank credit enhanced by 3.9 per cent in the April-September 2011 period while bank deposits grew by 6.3 per cent. Bank advances rose 19.5 per cent, while bank deposits rose 17.38 per cent as on September 23, 2011 (on year-on-year basis). RBI expects a credit growth of 19 per cent, and deposit growth of 17 per cent for financial year 2011-12.
- Due to an increase of US$ 763 million in the foreign currency assets to US$ 276.462 billion, India's foreign exchange reserves swelled by US$ 749 million to US$ 312.231 billion in the week ended October 7, 2011, according to RBI's Weekly Statistical Supplement.