The cement industry in India is experiencing a boom on account of overall growth of the Indian economy. The demand for cement, being a derived demand, depends mainly on the industrial activities, real estate business, construction activities and investment in the infrastructure sector. India is experiencing growth in all these areas and hence the cement market is moving ahead in spite of the world-wide economic recession.
India is the second largest producer of quality cement in the world. The cement industry in India comprises 139 large cement plants and over 365 mini cement plants. Industry's capacity at beginning of the year 2008-09 was 198.30 million tonne (MT) which increased to 219 MT at the close of the year. The initiatives provided by theGovernment of India to various infrastructure projects, road network and housing activities will provide required stimulus towards the growth of cement industry in India.
The cement production has increased from 15.72 MT in December 2011 to 16.47 MT in January 2012. While cement despatches have increased from 15.76 MT in December 2011 to 16.27 MT in January 2012.
India produces variety of cement based on different compositions such as Ordinary Portland cement, Portland Pozzolana, Portland Blast Furnace Slag cement, white cement and specialised cement. Cement in India is produced as per the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) specifications and the quality is comparable with the best in the world.
Some of the major players in the cement industry include Ultratech Cement, Gujarat Ambuja Cement Limited, JK Cements, ACC Cement, Century Cements, Madras Cements, Holcim and Lafarge to name a few.
Cement arrivals in Gujarat during December 2011 have been the highest ever according to data compiled by the Cement Manufacturers' Association (CMA) and industry sources. There has been a spurt in demand from infrastructure and Government projects, which in turn led to such high cement arrivals.
The cement industry in India is divided into four zones namely North, East, West and Central - based on differentiation in the consumer profile and supply-demand scenario.