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India A Snapshot

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India at a Glance

March, 2012


India - the land that has been home to Indus Valley Civilisation - is a region of historic trade routes and vast empires. With Indians speaking different languages, following different religions and relishing very different sorts of cuisines, the South-Asian country truly upholds the honor of being unique in diversities.

Not only in the space of culture and heritage has India gained attraction from all over the world, the country is hot-spot for investors worldwide owing to its stable socio-economic-political environment as well. Rich resources, industrial development, reasonably priced talented workforce, supportive Government policies and strengthening young population are some of the major factors that have placed India as a strategic business partner on the world canvas.

Certain facts and figures - that consolidates India's position as a global hub - have been discussed hereafter.

Location: India lies to the north of the equator in Southern Asia

Latitude: 8° 4' to 37° 6' north

Longitude: 68° 7' to 97° 25' east

Neighbouring Countries: Pakistan and Afghanistan share political borders with India on the West while Bangladesh and Myanmar stand adjacent on the Eastern borders. The northern boundary comprises the Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. Sri Lanka is another neighbouring country which is separated by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Capital: New Delhi

Coastline: 7517 km, including the mainland, the coastlines of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshwadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea.

Climate: Southern India majorly enjoys tropical climate but Northern India experiences temperatures from sub-zero degrees to 50 degrees Celsius. Winters embrace Northern India during December to February while springs blossom in March and April. Monsoons arrive in July and stay till September, followed by autumn in October and November.

Area: India measures 3,214 km from north to south and 2,933 km from east to west with a total land area of 3,287,263 sq km.

Natural Resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land.

Land: 2,973,190 sq km

Water: 314,070 sq km

Political Profile

Political System and Government:

The world's largest democracy implemented its Constitution in 1950 that provided for a parliamentary system of Government with a bicameral parliament and three independent branches: the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The country has a federal structure with elected Governments in States.

Administrative Divisions: 28 States and 7 Union Territories

Constitution: The Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950