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India A Snapshot

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About India at a Glance

September, 2013


India is increasingly becoming a strategic player on the global platform and is playing a vital role in shaping-up the international economy’s dynamics. The country is making its mark as one of the fastest growing economies. The sub-continent boasts of its position as the second largest pool of scientists and engineers and also as the second largest English speaking nation in the world.

The South-east Asian nation is not only becoming comfortable with the western culture with poise, but is also very proud of its rich historical past and cultural heritage. Indian roots are strong in its villages where people proudly take up farming, advanced agriculture and unique handicrafts as their profession. And when it comes to modern industries and professional services, the country is enjoying huge investments and interests from its peers globally.

Thus, India as a brand is effectively making its mark in every aspect and in every sector– domestically as well as internationally. A huge young population, changing consumption patterns, liberalised industry and a supportive Government are certain factors that are anchoring the nation’s development. India’s gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to cross the US$ 5 trillion mark by 2020.

Location: India lies to the north of the equator in Southern Asia

Latitude: 8° 4' to 37° 6' north

Longitude: 68° 7' to 97° 25' east

Neighbouring Countries: Pakistan and Afghanistan share political borders with India on the West while Bangladesh and Myanmar stand adjacent on the Eastern borders. The northern boundary comprises the Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. Sri Lanka is another neighbouring country which is separated by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Capital: New Delhi

Coastline: 7517 km, including the mainland, the coastlines of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshwadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea.

Climate: Southern India majorly enjoys tropical climate but northern India experiences temperatures from sub-zero degrees to 50 degrees Celsius. Winters embrace northern India during December to February while springs blossom in March and April. Monsoons arrive in July and stay till September, followed by autumn in October and November.

Area: India measures 3, 214 km from north to south and 2, 933 km from east to west with a total land area of 3,287,263 sq km.

Natural Resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land.

Land: 2,973,190 sq km

Water: 314,070 sq km

Political Profile

Political System and Government:

The world's largest democracy implemented its Constitution in 1950 that provided for a parliamentary system of Government with a bicameral parliament and three independent branches: the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The country has a federal structure with elected governments in States.

Administrative Divisions: 28 States and 7 Union Territories

Constitution: The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950