India has a coastline that is more than 7,500 kilometre (km) long, which is interspersed with about 200 ports. There are 13 major ports in India - Chennai, Cochin, Ennore, Jawaharlal Nehru, Kolkata (including Haldia), Kandla, Marmugao, Mumbai, New Mangalore, Paradip, Tuticorinand Visakhapatnam. As of June 1, 2010, Port Blair has been declared a major port.
Indian ports handle more than 95 per cent of the country’s total trade in terms of volume and about 70 per cent in terms of value. The annual capacity of India’s major and non-major ports is expected to increase upto 1.5 billion tonnes by 2012. According to India’s Planning Commission’s revised estimates, about US$ 8.5 billion is expected to be invested in the ports sector during the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2007–2012).
The traffic at Indian ports has increased by 15 per cent in 2009–2010, as compared to two per cent growth in 2008–09, driven by the recovery of the economy from the global slowdown of 2008–09.
The Government of India (GoI) is focusing on port infrastructure development in the country and is promoting private participation and foreign direct investment (FDI). The ports sector attracted private equity (PE) investments worth US$ 383 million between January 2005 and July 2010. Indian ports handle more than 95 per cent of the country’s total trade in terms of volume and about 70 per cent in terms of value. Driven by the growth in international trade, the cargo handled at Indian ports is projected to grow at 7.7 per cent per annum until 2013–14.Sectoral Presentation (November 2010)
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