The fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) segment is the fourth largest sector in the Indian economy. The market size of FMCG in India is expected to grow from US$ 30 billion in 2011 to US$ 74 billion in 2018.
The FMCG sector in India generated revenues worth US$ 34.8 billion in 2011, a growth of 15.2 per cent as compared to the previous year. Over 2006-11, the sector's revenues posted a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.3 per cent. Food products is the leading segment, accounting for 43 per cent of the overall market. Personal care (22 per cent) and fabric care (12 per cent) are the other leading segments.
Growing awareness, easier access, and changing lifestyles have been the key growth drivers for the sector. Rural demand is set to rise with rising incomes and greater awareness of brands.
The Government of India has been supporting the rural population with higher minimum support prices (MSPs), loan waivers, and disbursements through the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) programme. These measures have helped in reducing poverty in rural India and have thus propped up rural purchasing power.
With rise in disposable incomes, mid- and high-income consumers in urban areas have shifted their purchasing trend from essential to premium products. In response, firms have started enhancing their premium products portfolio. Indian and multinational FMCG players are leveraging India as a strategic sourcing hub for cost-competitive product development and manufacturing to cater to international markets.
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