Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.), a native of Eastern Brazil, was introduced to India by the Portuguese nearly five centuries ago. In India, cashew was first introduced in Goa from where it spread to other parts of the country. In the beginning it was mainly used for soil binding to check erosion. Commercial cultivation began in the early 1960s and, over the years, cashew has become a crop of high economy and attained the status of an export-oriented commodity, earning considerable foreign exchange for the country.
Cashew Cultivation in India
- India is one of the leading producers, processors and exporters of cashews in the world.
- India produced approximately 0.67 million tonnes of raw cashew nuts in 2010-11.
- Currently, India has approximately 0.95 million hectares under cashew cultivation.
- Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala are the primary producers of cashew along the western coast of the country, while Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal are primary producers along the eastern coast.
- In addition, cashew is also grown in Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Cashew Export Promotion Council of India
The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI) works towards the promotion of the export of cashew kernels and CNSL. The Council serves as an intermediary between importers of cashew kernels and exporters who are members of the council. It also deals with any disputes on exports/imports arising on account of quality standards, breach of contractual obligations, etc. It undertakes numerous activities, such as organising global buyer-se||er meets, organizing studies on the nutritional aspects of cashew and providing support to cashew processors and exporters for improving infrastructure.
P.B. No. 1709
Cochin - 682 016
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