Bihar Map


About Bihar: Climate, Information, Geography, Industries, Economy

Latest update: April, 2014

Economic Snapshot: GSDP of Bihar

In 2012–13, the gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Bihar at current prices was US$ 56.8 billion.

Economic Snapshot: GSDP of Bihar

Break up of outstanding investments in Bihar

In 2012–13, total outstanding investments in Bihar were US$ 52.5 billion.

Break up of outstanding investments in Bihar


  • Capital:Patna
  • Geographical Area (sq km):94,163
  • State Language:Hindi, English, Urdu and Bhojpuri
  • Literacy Rate:63.8
  • Key Industries:Food and beverages, rubber and plastics, transport equipment, chemicals, tobacco, textile, leather and dairy

Last Updated: April, 2014

BIHAR State Report | March, 2014

Bihar is located in the eastern part of India. The state is surrounded by Nepal in the north, West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh in the west and Jharkhand in the south. The state enjoys a unique location-specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of eastern and northern India, as well as access to ports such as Kolkata and Haldia, and to raw material resources and mineral reserves from the neighboring states.

The economy of the state has grown at around 11.95 per cent during the 11th Five-Year Plan. The gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Bihar grew at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 18.8 per cent during 2004–05 and 2012–13 to touch US$ 56.8 billion.

Bihar is one of the strongest agricultural states, with very high productivity. The percentage of population employed in agricultural production in Bihar is estimated to be 74 per cent, which is much higher than the national average. It is the largest producer of vegetables and the second largest producer of fruits in India.

The state offers a wide range of policy incentives for businesses under the Industrial Incentive Policy, 2011. It also provides specific incentives for information technology, renewable energy, sugar, food processing and tourism. The state has a large base of cost-effective industrial labour, making it an ideal destination for a wide range of industries.

Copyright © 2010-2015 India Brand Equity Foundation

All material, information, data, images or content on this website is subject to copyright or other applicable intellectual property laws and no part of it can be reproduced in any form (including paper or electronic form) without prior written consent and approval from IBEF. Infringements are subject to prosecution under the applicable laws. For consent related queries and conditions,
please write to

IndiaAn initiative of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India