About Bihar: Climate, Information, Geography, Industries, Economy

Latest update: July, 2015

Economic Snapshot: GSDP of Bihar

At current prices, Bihar's gross state domestic product (GSDP) was estimated at US$ 63.5 billion over 2014-15.

Economic Snapshot: GSDP of Bihar

Break up of outstanding investments in Bihar

The electricity sector accounted for the largest share of outstanding investments at around 59.6 per cent.

Break up of outstanding investments in Bihar



  • Capital:Patna
  • Geographical Area (sq km):94,163
  • State Language:Hindi, English, Urdu and Bhojpuri
  • Literacy Rate:61.8 per cent
  • Key Industries:Food and beverages, rubber and plastics, transport equipment, chemicals, tobacco, textile, leather and dairy

Last Updated: July, 2015

BIHAR State Report | March, 2015

Bihar is located in the eastern part of India. The state is surrounded by Nepal in the north, West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh in the west and Jharkhand in the south. The state enjoys a unique location specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of eastern and northern India, access to ports such as Kolkata and Haldia and to raw material sources and mineral reserves from the neighbouring states.

The economy of the state has grown at around 11.95 per cent during the 11th Five-Year Plan. Bihar's per capita GSDP increased from US$ 195.8 in 2004-05 to US$ 604.8 in 2013-14.

Bihar is one of the strongest agricultural states, with very high productivity. The percentage of population employed in agricultural production in Bihar is estimated to be 74 per cent, which is much higher than the national average. It is the largest producer of vegetables and the second largest producer of fruits in India.

The state government has taken up several initiatives such as the Bihar State Hydro Power Policy 2012 and the Bihar Industrial Incentive Policy 2011 for the development of the state.

Also, these government initiatives provide specific incentives for information technology, renewable energy, sugar, food processing and tourism.

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