Last Updated: May 05, 2015
Latest update: January, 2016
Last Updated: January, 2016
ARUNACHAL PRADESH State Report | November, 2015
Arunachal Pradesh is the largest among the seven states located in the Northeast of India. It shares its borders with the neighbouring countries of Bhutan in the west, China (Tibet) in the north and northeast, Myanmar in the east and southeast and the Indian states of Assam and Nagaland in the south. The geographic location of the state provides immense opportunities for international trade with South Asian countries such as Myanmar, Bhutan and China.
The land is mostly mountainous with the Himalayan ranges running north-south. The state is divided into five river valleys - the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit and the Tirap. These river valleys have immense hydropower potential, currently estimated at 60,000 MW, or approximately 22 per cent of India's current power generating capacity.
However, currently the state's economy is largely agrarian, based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, oilseeds, cereals, potato, and pineapple. In 2014-15, total food grain production in the state increased to 456,000 metric tonnes from 374,000 metric tonnes in 2011-12. Some of the other key industries of the state include art and crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, horticulture, power and mineral based industry.
Due to its topography, the state has varied agro-climatic conditions suitable for horticulture of flowers and aromatic and medicinal plants. Arunachal Pradesh is home to 601 species of orchids, or 52 per cent of the species of orchids known in India, indicating a huge potential for attracting tourists, especially foreign ones.
The state and central governments have both offered huge fiscal and policy incentives for the development of thrust sectors in the state. Some of these policies include Public Private Partnership Policy 2011, the State Industrial Policy 2008 and the Hydro Power Policy 2008.