The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) was established by the Government of India under the Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority Act passed by the Parliament in December, 1985.
Roles and responsibilities of APEDA for exports of the scheduled exports
- Development of industries relating to the scheduled products
- Registration of exporters Fixing of standards and specifications
- Carrying out inspection of meat and meat products in slaughter houses, processing plants, storage premises, conveyances or other places where such products are kept or handled for the purpose of ensuring the quality of such products;
- Improving of packaging
- Improving of marketing outside India;
- Promotion of export oriented production and development products;
- Collection of statistics from the owners of factories or establishments engaged in the production, processing, packaging, marketing or export of the scheduled products
- Training in various aspects of the industries connected with the scheduled products;
- Floriculture and Seeds
- Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
- Processed Foods and vegetables
- Animal Products
- Organic Products
- The second largest producer of fruits in the world and accounts for 10 per cent of the world fruit production with first rank in the production of bananas (30.43 million tonnes 22.94 per cent), papayas (6.1 million tonnes, 44.03 per cent) and mangoes including mangosteens, and guavas (19.21 million tonnes, 37.57 per cent)
- the largest milk producer in the world (155.5 million tonnes)
- the largest buffalo population (111.0 million heads)
- the largest pulses producer in the world (22.14 million tonnes (2nd AE 2016-17), 25.4 per cent)
- Among vegetables, India ranks second in world (168.59 million tonnes, 10.7 per cent, and first in the production of Okra (6.4 million tonnes, 73.6 per cent)
- During April 2016-February 2017, exports of agricultural and processed food products totalled US$ 14.275 billion. Export of cereals and animal products accounted for 37.60 per cent of the total exports, followed by livestock products (27.58 per cent), other processed foods (17.92 per cent), fresh fruits and vegetables (9.56 per cent), processed fruits and vegetables (6.38 per cent) and floriculture and seeds (0.96 per cent)
- Indian agricultural/horticultural and processed foods are exported to more than 100 countries/regions; chief among them are the Middle East, Southeast Asia, SAARC countries, the EU and the US.
- India ranks first in the production of bananas, papayas, lemons and limes in the world. In vegetable India ranks first in the production of ginger and okra while it stands second in the production of onion, cauliflower, brinjal, cabbage, potatoes, etc.
- India has a rich livestock resource comprising 15% of world’s cattle population, 58% of buffalo population, 6% of sheep and 15% of world’s goat population.
- India is legendary in dairy farming as we are the largest producer of milk in the world. Dairy products that included butter milk, yogurt, butter, ghee and much more notched up nearly US $546.16 million in value recently.
- Frozen bovine meat, poultry products and honey from India dominates the international market and are contributing immensely to rise in the exports.
- The second largest producer of rice and wheat. India leads the world in production of bajra and pearl millet with nearly 8.8 million tonnes produced annually.
- Basmati rice which literally means fragrance of earth and the one containing aroma- originated in India. Indian basmati rice export have gone up exponentially in the past decade.
- Maize is emerging as the third most important crop in Indian after rice and wheat and is cultivated on about 8.12 million hectare of land. Its contribution to the national food basket is about 8% with more than US $ 100 Million share in GDP.
- With annual production of 9 million tonnes, India is the seventh largest producer of sorghum.
- India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables globally, accounting for 40.48% of the world’s mangoes, 27.43% of bananas, and 27.71% of green peas 24.04% of coins.
- During 2016-17, area under organic certification was around 4.45 million hectare including forest area of 3.01 million hectare. The total organic production was 1.20 million MT including wild collection.
Goals for tomorrow
- Due to good availability of raw material with an advantage of competitive production cost, India offers enormous prospect for setting up food processing units.
- India’s export of process food products have been increased steadily during last ten years from US $ 1352 million in 2006 to US $ 3981 million in 2016.
- India’s export of processed food products have reached the important market of Europe, USA, Middle East, Japan, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Russia and Korea apart from other part of the world.