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Indian Economy Overview

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Indian Economy Overview

May, 2011

The overall growth of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at factor cost at constant prices, as per Advance Estimates, was 8.6 per cent in 2010-11 representing an increase from the revised growth of 8.0 per cent during 2009-10, according to the Advance Estimate (AE) of Central Statistics Office (CSO). Overall growth in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) was 3.6 per cent during February 2011. During April-February 2010-11, IIP growth was 7.8 per cent.

The six core industries (comprising crude oil, petroleum refinery products, coal, electricity, cement and finished carbon steel) grew by 6.8 per cent in February 2011 as compared to the growth of 4.2 per cent in February 2010. During April-February 2010-11, these sectors grew by 5.7 per cent as compared to 5.4 per cent during April-February 2009-10. In addition, exports, in US dollar terms increased by 49.7 per cent and imports increased by 21.2 per cent, during February 2011.

The domestic environment is conducive for growth and private final consumption expenditure is projected to grow by a healthy 7.5 per cent and gross fixed capital formation by 14.6 per cent, the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE) said in its latest monthly review of the country’s economy. On the back of such facts, India’s GDP is projected to continue to grow at a brisk pace of 8.8 per cent in 2011-12.

In FY 12, the agricultural and allied sector is projected to grow by 3.1 per cent, on top of the 5.1 per cent growth estimated in 2010-11. The industrial sector, including construction, is projected to grow by 9.4 per cent during 2011-12, as compared to 8.5 per cent estimated in 2010-11. Growth in industrial production will be driven by a rise in consumption demand and investment demand, said the review.

The Economic Scenario

India is today rated as one of the most attractive investment destinations across the globe. The UNCTAD World Investment Report (WIR) 2010, in its analysis of the global trends and sustained growth of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows, has reported India to be the second most attractive location for FDI for 2010-2012.

Moreover, India attracted FDI equity inflows of US$ 1,274 million in February 2011. The cumulative amount of FDI equity inflows from April 2000 to February 2011 stood at US$ 193.7 billion, according to the data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP). The humungous increase in investment mirrors the foreign investors’ faith in the Indian markets.

The services sector comprising financial and non-financial services attracted 21 per cent of the total FDI equity inflow into India worth US$ 3,274 million during April-February 2011, while telecommunications (including radio paging, cellular mobile and basic telephone services) attracted the second largest amount of FDI worth US$ 1,410 million during the same period. Automobile industry was the third highest sector attracting FDI worth US$ 1,320 million followed by Housing and Real Estate industry which garnered FDI worth US$ 1,109 million during the financial year April-February 2011.