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India A Snapshot

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India at a Glance

September, 2011


India can precisely be described as a land of diversity, democracy and dynamics. The seventh largest country in the world confines the Great Himalayas in the North, the peninsular beauty in the south, the Thar Desert in the West and deep jungles in the East. Home to one of the most ancient Indus valley civilisation, India has entailed oldest of the religions like Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism and Buddhism. The country boasts of its yoga expertise and ayurvedic science through the world, while it stands as one of the largest economies in terms of road and railway networks.

The development that India has showcased over the past decade is something unwitnessed. Parameters like literacy rate, internet subscriber data, foreign direct investments (FDI), savings rate, foreign tourist arrivals, infrastructure developments et all point to only one thing that the progress is here to stay and India will truly shine brighter in the years to come.

Other details relating to the South Asian country are discussed hereafter.

Location: India lies to the north of the equator in Southern Asia

Latitude: 8° 4' to 37° 6' north

Longitude: 68° 7' to 97° 25' east

Neighbouring Countries: Pakistan and Afghanistan share political borders with India on the West while Bangladesh and Burma stand adjacent on the Eastern borders. The northern boundary comprises the Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. Sri Lanka is another neighbouring country which is separated by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Capital: New Delhi

Coastline: 7517 km, including the mainland, the coastlines of Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshwadweep Islands in the Arabian Sea.

Climate: Southern India majorly enjoys tropical climate but northern India experiences temperatures from sub-zero degrees to 50 degrees Celsius. Winters embrace northern India during December to February while springs blossom in March and April. Monsoons arrive in July and stay till September, followed by autumn in October and November.

Area: India measures 3, 214 km from north to south and 2, 933 km from east to west with a total land area of 3,287,263 sq km.

Natural Resources: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land.

Land: 2,973,190 sq km (2011)

Water: 314,070 sq km (2011)

Land Use: Arable land: 1,586,500 sq km; Agricultural land: 1,799,000 sq km (2007)

Political Profile

Political System and Government:

The world's largest democracy implemented its Constitution in 1950 that provided for a parliamentary system of Government with a bicameral parliament and three independent branches: the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The country has a federal structure with elected governments in States.

Administrative Divisions: 28 States and 7 Union Territories

Constitution: The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950