Real estate plays a critical role in the development of the Indian economy. It is the second largest employer after agriculture. Over the next decade, the real estate sector is expected to grow by 30 per cent.
The sector is divided into four sub-sectors: housing, retail, hospitality, and commercial. The housing sub-sector contributes five-six per cent to the country's gross domestic product (GDP). Meanwhile, retail, hospitality and commercial real estate are also growing significantly, catering to India's growing needs of infrastructure.
The construction industry ranks third among the 14 major sectors in terms of direct, indirect and induced effects in all sectors of the economy, according to a study done by ICRA. A unit increase in expenditure in this sector has a multiplier effect and the capacity to generate income as high as five times. The positive effects of growth in real estate sector are spread over more than 250 ancillary industries.
The Indian real estate market size is expected to touch US$ 180 billion by 2020.
Recent growth in the Indian economy has stimulated demand for land and developed real estate across industries. Demand for residential, commercial and retail real estate is rising throughout India, accompanied by increased demand for hotel accommodation and improved infrastructure.
India is going to produce an estimated 2 million new graduates from various Indian universities during this year, creating demand for 100 million square feet of office and industrial space.
Further, presence of a large number of Fortune 500 and other reputed companies will attract more companies to initiate their operational bases in India thus, creating more demand for corporate space.
Apart from IT, ITES and Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), India has shown its expertise in sectors like auto-components, chemicals, apparels, pharmaceuticals and jewellery where it can match the best in the world. These positive attributes of India is definitely going to attract more foreign investors in the near future.
Real estate emerged as the popular sector for private equity (PE) funds investing around US$ 1,700 million in this sector during 2011. PE in real estate projects will fetch considerable returns by next year-end or early 2013, according to Vikram Hosangady, Partner, KPMG.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows in real estate in 2011-12 (April-January) stood at Rs 2,750 crore (US$ 492.50 million).