Education is an important means of modernisation. The importance of education can be realized from the fact that all modernised societies tend to emphasise on universalisation of education as a mode for sustained economic development. There is a huge demand for upgradation of education as India is expected to have a surplus of 47 million people in the working age group by 2020. As a result, both the formal education sector (including K-12 and higher education) as well as informal sector (including coaching institutions, pre-schools and vocational institutions) are witnessing rapid growth in India.
The Indian education system, considered as one of the largest in the world, is divided into two major segments of core and non-core businesses. While, schools and higher education for the core group, the non-core business consists of pre-schools, vocational training and coaching classes.
India Ratings expects the Indian education sector's market size to increase to Rs 602,410 crore (US$ 111.16 billion) by FY15 due to the expected strong demand for quality education. The sector grew at a compounded annual growth rate of 16.5 per cent during FY05-FY12.
The private education sector is estimated to reach US$ 70 billion by 2013 and US$ 115 billion by 2018, according to consulting firm Technopak. Technopak sees enrollments in Kindergarten-12th grade (K-12) growing to 351 million, requiring an additional 34 million seats by 2018.
Further, according to the report '40 million by 2020: Preparing for a new paradigm in Indian Higher Education' released by Ernst & Young, the higher education sector in India is expected to witness a growth of 18.0 per cent CAGR till 2020. At present, the sector witnesses spends of more than Rs 46,200 crore (US$ 8.52 billion), which is estimated to grow at an average rate of more than 18.0 per cent to over Rs 232,500 crore (US$ 42.89 billion) in 10 years.
The education sector in India is also considered as one of the major areas for investments as the entire education system is going through a process of overhaul, according to a report 'Emerging Opportunities for Private and Foreign Participants in Higher Education' by PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).
The education sector has attracted foreign direct investments (FDI) worth Rs 3,239.76 crore (US$ 597.68 million) during April 2000 to December 2012, according to the data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
Public-private partnerships (PPP) can revolutionise education in India and facilitate growth. They can raise the standards of education provision in India and help meet the demand for quality education from a growing middle class with increasing incomes.
Some of the major investments in Education and Training Sector in India are as follows: