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Science and Technology

December, 2012


India is amongst the top-ranking countries in the field of basic research. Indian Science is one of the most powerful segments for growth and development, especially in the emerging scenario and competitive economy. With an annual growth of over 9.7 per cent in the number of scientific publications in Science Citation Indexed journals during 2011-12, India has registered the second highest growth rate in the world. Scientific knowledge and expertise, innovation, high technology, industrial infrastructure and skilled workforce are the key factors that have driven the progress of the country to a major extent.

The Indian science and technology space has been instrumental to bring social and economic changes. The country has not only endeavoured to upgrade traditional skills to make them relevant and competitive, but has also been on a spur to develop advanced technologies, which has eventually played a pivotal role in transforming the nation into a modern, industrialised society.

The Department of Science & Technology plays a vital role in promotion of science & technology in the country. The department has wide ranging activities ranging from promoting high end basic research and development (R&D) of cutting edge technologies on one hand to service the technological requirements of the common man through development of appropriate skills and technologies on the other.

The year 2011-12 is a land mark year for the Department of Science & Technology. It earmarked the completion of 40 years of service by the Department to the Science & Technology sector since its establishment.

Market Size

Thomson Reuters, one of the global agencies involved in gathering "Evidence" have been commissioned to undertake an India specific study. The "evidence" report has presented a large volume of data and trends in research outputs from India.

The analysis of the report indicated a growth rate of about 66 per cent between 2006-10 as compared to 2001-05. This amounts to average growth rate of about 13 per cent per year. The study also reveals that Chemistry, Physics, Materials Science, Engineering and Clinical medicine are the active areas of research outputs from India during the study period.

According to E&Y's recent report 'Beyond borders: Global biotechnology report - 2011', India's domestic biotech industry has crossed US$ 4 billion mark in fiscal 2011. The report highlighted vaccines, diagnostics & devices and personalised medicine as the major innovative growth areas for the domestic biotech sector.


"We need a new wave of investment from the private sector so that young people will be encouraged to seek a career in science," according to Dr Manmohan Singh, the Prime Minister of India.

Some of the major investment in Indian science and technology sector are as follows:

  • An exclusive research facility for Zebrafish has been set up at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB). The genome of Zebrafish is similar to the genome of human beings. This has prompted the lab to deal exclusively with this fish to investigate developmental biology in vertebrates, according to Dr Ch Mohan Rao, Director, CCMB
  • Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), the German Research Foundation, has expanded its India presence with the formal launch of a Centre in Hyderabad. It is collaborating with the Department of Science & Technology on about 40 bilateral research projects in science and engineering currently, said Dr Torsten Fischer, Director, DFG India
  • Crompton Greaves (CG) Ltd has acquired 100 per cent stake in Spain-based ZIV Aplicaciones Y Technologia, SL for an enterprise value of €150 million (US$ 196.19 million). ZIV deals in high value smart grid and automation solutions for industrial and utilities segments
  • Intel Future Scientist programme developed in India, aims to sustain the innovative streak in students, has been launched by the global chip maker. The programme empowers teachers to transform science and math education in their classrooms and aims to reach about 50,000 girls to help them develop scientific skills and expertise
  • Bosch Group will set up an independent research centre at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) with an investment of Rs 140 crore (US$ 25.75 million). The proposed investment will be from the German major's global Bosch InterCampusprogramme