Financial Services in India- Brief Overview
Indian financial services industry has been through the toughest of the times and yet stands strong and robust among the world economies. Having a deep impact of the far-reaching changes in the Indian economy since liberalization, the new face of this industry is evolving in a strong, transparent and resilient system.
Over the last few years, financial markets have witnessed a significant broadening and deepening of service baskets with the introduction of several new instruments and products in banking, insurance and capital markets space. The sector was opened up to new private players including foreign companies who embraced international best practices and modern technology to offer a more sophisticated range of financial services to corporate, retail and institutional customers. Financial sector regulators too have been visionaries to ensure that new regulations and guidelines are in tandem with global norms. These developments have given a robust boost to the development and modernisation of the financial services sector in India.
- Indian life insurance sector collected new business premiums worth Rs 11,742.7 crore (US$ 1.92 billion) for April-May 2013, according to data from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA). Life insurers collected Rs 1, 07, 010.7 crore (US$ 17.47 billion) worth of new premiums for the financial year ended March 31, 2013.
- Meanwhile, the general insurance industry grew by 19.6 per cent in April-May period of FY14, wherein the non-life insurers collected premium worth Rs 13,552.46 crore (US$ 2.21 billion).
- According to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s ‘Quarterly Statistics on Deposits and Credit of Scheduled Commercial Banks’, March 2013, Nationalised Banks accounted for 52.4 per cent of the aggregate deposits, while the State Bank of India (SBI) and its Associates accounted for 22 per cent. The share of New Private Sector Banks, Old Private Sector Banks, Foreign Banks, and Regional Rural Banks in aggregate deposits was 13.6 per cent, 5.1 per cent, 4 per cent and 2.9 per cent, respectively.
Nationalised Banks accounted for the highest share of 51 per cent in gross bank credit followed by State Bank of India and its Associates (22.7 per cent) and New Private Sector Banks (14 per cent). Foreign Banks, Old Private Sector Banks and Regional Rural Banks had shares of around 4.9 per cent, 5 per cent and 2.5 per cent, respectively.
- Banks’ credit (loan) growth increased to 18 per cent for the fortnight ended September 6, 2013, while deposits grew by 13.37 per cent showed the data by RBI.
- India's foreign exchange reserves increased to US$ 277.73 billion as of October 4, 2013.
Mutual Funds Industry in India
India’s asset management companies (AMCs) have witnessed growth of 0.7 per cent in August 2013 wherein their average assets under management (AUM) stood at Rs 7.66 lakh crore (US$ 125.10 billion).