The Indian auto components industry is one of the fastest growing industries and is riding on the success of the automobile sector. Coupled with growing demand and technological advancements, the auto components industry in India has emerged as a key market in Asia as well as the world. The country currently supplies auto components to a number of international automobile makers, such as General Motors, Toyota, Ford and Volkswagen, amongst others.
A joint report of Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA) and McKinsey forecasts automotive component to be a US$ 100 billion industry by 2020, compared with about US$ 35.1 billion today. The report predicts revenue to come from both local sales and exports.
Currently, India is ranked 22 among global component exporting countries. China is at the third spot on the list led by Germany and the US. According to the McKinsey report, India will jump to 9th spot in exports by 2020.
The Indian auto-components industry can be broadly classified into the organised and unorganised sectors. The organised sector caters to the original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and consists of high-value precision instruments while the unorganised sector comprises low-valued products and caters mostly to the aftermarket category.
Majority of Indian auto component exports are to countries in Europe, which account for 35 per cent followed by countries in North America with 26 per cent.
The export of auto components showed a great deal of improvement registering a growth of 16.7 per cent to Rs 61,487 crore (US$ 10.04 billion) in 2013-14 from Rs 52,690 crore (US$ 8.61 billion) in 2012-13. Also, with the automotive sector being a key driver of the economy and growth returning to vehicle consumption in the past few months, ACMA expects the industry to grow by 4–6 per cent in FY15.
The cumulative foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows into the Indian automobile industry during the period April 2000 – August 2014 was recorded at US$ 10,119.68 million, as per data published by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Government of India.
The investments and developments in the automobile components sector in the past few months are as follows:
The Government of India’s Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) 2006–2016 has come a long way in ensuring the growth of this sector in the global market. It has been expected that this sector's contribution to the GDP will double reaching a turnover worth US$ 145 billion in 2016 due to the government’s special focus on exports of small cars, multi-utility vehicles (MUVs), two and three-wheelers and auto components. Also, the deregulation of FDI in this sector has helped foreign companies to invest in huge amounts in India.
“The government has instilled confidence in the market with assurance of positive policy changes. We hope that by the fiscal year 2014–15, capacity utilisation will go up to 90 per cent," according to Mr Harish Lakshman, President, ACMA.
The Government of India is in talks with ACMA and several industry bodies to extend the current excise duties concession beyond December 2014. Under the scheme, excise duties have been reduced for the following segments:
According to ACMA, the Indian auto components industry is likely to grow to US$ 150 billion by 2020 with domestic market share of about US$ 85 billion. The Indian auto components industry is well poised to achieve strong growth in the coming years owing to rising domestic demand in the OEM market. Also, the decline in raw material cost, such as decrease in cost of rubber, will help in improving the operating margins and consequently aid in increasing the exports from the auto components sector in India.
Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0163 as on October 28, 2014
References: Media Reports and Press Releases, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA), Union Budget 2014-15, Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)