Nagaland is among the seven North-Eastern states and is located in India’s farthest east side. The state is flanked by Myanmar in the east, Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Assam in the west and Manipur in the south.
The state has considerable resources of natural minerals, petroleum and hydropower. It has unexploited reserves of around 600 million metric tonnes (MT) of crude oil and more than 20 MT of hydrocarbon. Moreover, the state has 315 MT of coal reserves and 1,038 MT of limestone reserves. Nagaland’s estimated hydropower generation potential is 1,574 megawatt (MW), while the state has a total installed power generation capacity of 155.37 MW and the installed hydropower generation capacity in the state, as of April 2018, is 53.37 MW.
The agro-climatic conditions in Nagaland provide commercial opportunities for floriculture and horticulture. The state has 650 indigenous species of medicinal and aromatic plants. The state is estimated to have the potential to produce 15,000 MT of honey and 100 MT of wax, which together could generate around US$ 100 million annually. Moreover, the production of honey during 2017-18 was recorded to be 550 metric tonnes.
Bamboo is found extensively in Nagaland, with bamboo growing stock covering nearly five per cent of the total stock in the country. During 2017-18, production of raw silk in the state of Nagaland stood at around 450 MT.
Agriculture sector contribution to the economic output stood at 28.42 per cent in 2016-17. About 72 per cent of the state’s population is engaged in farming.
The state provides institutional support through various central and state government agencies viz., North East Council, Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region and Nagaland Industrial Development Council.
The state offers excellent policy and fiscal incentives for agro-based and forest-based industries, horticulture, food processing, mining, tourism, and the handlooms and handicrafts sectors. Industrial centres and special economic zones (SEZs) are being developed to enhance the marketability of products.
According to the DIPP, cumulative FDI inflows to the North-eastern states, during April 2000 to December 2017, stood at US$ 104 million.