Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of ~200 million people. Uttar Pradesh shares its borders with Nepal on the north, the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh towards the northwest, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan on the west, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand to the southeast and Bihar in the east.
Uttar Pradesh is a favoured tourist destination in India due to the location of Taj Mahal, one of the Eight Wonders of the World, in Agra. In 2015, 3.10 million foreign tourists visited the state of Uttar Pradesh. Under Pilgrimage Rejuvenation and Spiritual Augmentation Drive (PRASAD) scheme, for the development of Varanasi, the amount sanctioned and released by the Ministry of Tourism for the state, during 2015-16, were recorded to be US$ 3.06 million and US$ 623.28 thousand, respectively.
Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of food grains in India and accounted for about 18.39 per cent share in the country’s total food grain output in 2015-16. Food grain production in the state in 2015-16 stood at 46,547.9 thousand tonnes. Major food grains produced in the state include rice, wheat, maize, millet (bajra), gram, pea and lentils. With overall vegetable production of 26.12 million tonnes in 2015-16, the state of Uttar Pradesh was the second largest producer of vegetables in India, after West Bengal.
As of 2015-16, Uttar Pradesh is recognised as a major milk-producing state in the country, accounting for around 20.55 per cent share in the total milk produced in the country. During 2015-16, the state’s milk production was around 32.95 million tonnes, growing at a CAGR of 6.26 per cent from 2003-04 to 2015-16. As of June 2016, Uttar Pradesh had a total installed power generation capacity of 19,292.99 megawatt (MW).
Owing to the state’s large base of skilled labourers, it has emerged as a key hub for IT and ITeS industries, including software, captive business process outsourcing (BPO) and electronics. The state has become a hub for the semiconductor industry with several major players having their offices and R&D centres in Noida. Uttar Pradesh ranks 10th among Indian states in rankings based on ease of doing business and 5th in complying with labour regulations, according to a study by The World Bank and KPMG.
The state offers a wide range of subsidies, policy and fiscal incentives as well as assistance for businesses under the Industrial and Service Sector Investment Policy, 2004 and Infrastructure & Industrial Investment Policy, 2012. The state has well-drafted, sector-specific policies for IT and biotechnology. In the 2015-16 Budget, the state government proposed an investment of US$ 50.3 billion for enhancements in power, health and transportation sectors.
The state has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 563 million during the period April 2000 to March 2016, according to data released by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).