Uttar Pradesh shares its border with Nepal in the North and the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the Northwest, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan in the West, Madhya Pradesh in the South, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand in the Southeast and Bihar in the East.
The most commonly spoken language of the state is Hindi. English and Urdu are the other languages used.
Uttar Pradesh has emerged as a key hub for IT and ITeS industries, including software, captive Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and electronics. It is also a leading agricultural state in the country and is amongst the top producers of major agricultural items including wheat, rice and sugarcane.
The state has a large base of skilled labour, making it an ideal destination for knowledge-based sectors. The state also has a large pool of semi-skilled and un-skilled labour.
The state has a well-developed social, physical and industrial infrastructure. It also has good connectivity via four National Highways, six airports and rail links to all major cities.
The state has witnessed high infrastructural growth in the past few years. There has been a considerable increase in the number of industrial clusters/hubs and public private partnerships in the infrastructural domain.
At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Uttar Pradesh was US$ 141 billion in 2011-12. The Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of GSDP from 2004-05 to 2011-12, was 13.5 per cent.