Uttarakhand is located at the foothills of the Himalayan mountain ranges. The state shares border with China (Tibet) in the North and Nepal in the East and inter-state boundaries with Himachal Pradesh in the West, Northwest and Uttar Pradesh in the South.
Uttarakhand has diverse geographical features ranging from snow-capped mountain peaks in the North to tropical forests in the South; its climate and vegetation vary accordingly.
The state was formed in November 2000 by carving out the 13 hill-districts of Uttar Pradesh. Formerly named Uttaranchal.
Uttarakhand has abundant natural resources as the state has hills and forests. It has abundant water resources, favouring hydro power generation. The agro-climatic conditions also support horticulture-based industries.
The state is close to the National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi, a leading market of the country. It also has excellent connectivity with the neighboring states.
At current prices, the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Uttarakhand was about US$ 18.2 billion in 2011-12. Between 2004-05 and 2011-12, the average annual GSDP growth rate was 18.6 per cent.