The textile and apparel industry can be broadly divided into two segments - yarn and fibre, and processed fabrics and apparel. India accounts for ~14 per cent of the world's production of textile fibres and yarns (largest producer of jute, second largest producer of silk and cotton, and third largest in cellulosic fibre). India has the highest loom capacity (including hand looms) with 63 per cent of the world's market share.
The domestic textile industry in India is estimated to reach US$ 250 billion by 2019 from US$ 150 billion in July 2017. Increased penetration of organised retail, favourable demographics, and rising income levels are likely to drive demand for textiles. India is the world's second largest exporter of textiles and clothing.
Textile and apparel exports from India are expected to increase to US$ 82 billion by 2021. Readymade garments remain the largest contributor to total textile and apparel exports from India, contributing 47.69 per cent to total textile and apparel exports. Yarn and made-ups were the other major contributors with shares of 14.36 per cent and 12.89 per cent, respectively.
Rising government focus and favourable policies is leading to growth in the textiles and clothing industry. The Ministry of Textiles is encouraging investments through increasing focus on schemes such as Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (TUFS). To promote apparel exports, 12 locations have been approved by the government to set up apparel parks for exports. Under Union Budget 2017-18, Government of India allocated around US$ 926.66 million for textile Industry. Free trade with ASEAN countries and proposed agreement with European Union will also help boost exports.
The government has extended the duty drawback facility on all textile products and increased rates in some cases for one year to boost exports in the sector. The government is also planning to conduct roadshows to promote the country's textiles in non-traditional markets like South America, Russia and select countries in West Asia.
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