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Indian Power Sector Analysis

March, 2017

India has the fifth largest power generation capacity in the world. The country ranks third globally in terms of electricity production. Electricity production in India reached 1,095.756 Billion Units (BU) during April 2017-February 2018. As per the 13th Five Year Plan, India is targeting a total of 100 GW of power capacity addition by 2022.

Renewable energy is fast emerging as a major source of power in India. Wind energy is the largest source of renewable energy in India, accounting for 52.27 per cent of total installed capacity (62.85 GW). There are plans to double wind power generation capacity to 60 GW by 2022. India has also raised the solar power generation capacity addition target by five times to 100 GW by 2022. The Union Government of India is preparing a 'rent a roof' policy for supporting its target of generating 40 gigawatts (GW) of power through solar rooftop projects by 2022. All the states and union territories of India are on board to fulfil the Government of India's vision of ensuring 24x7 affordable and quality power for all by March 2019. Over 280 million LED bulbs were distributed to consumers in India by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) under Unnati Jyoti by Affordable LEDs for All (UJALA). The Government of India has been supportive to growth in the power sector.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved commercial coal mining for private sector and the methodology of allocating coal mines via auction and allotment, thereby prioritising transparency, ease of doing business and ensuring the use of natural resources for national development.

The Government of India is planning to invite bids for the largest solar tender in the world, for installing 20 gigawatts (GW) of solar power capacity, to give a boost to manufacturing of solar power equipment in India. Foreign participation in the development and financing of generation and transmission assets, engineering services, equipment supply and technology collaboration in nuclear and clean coal technologies is also expected to increase.

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