Go Back

Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Meghalaya

March, 2018

Meghalaya is located in the Northeast of India. The state shares its border on the north and east with Assam and on the south and west with Bangladesh.

Between 2011-12 and 2016-17, Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) expanded at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.81 per cent to US$ 4.59 billion whereas the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) expanded at a CAGR of 6.63 per cent to US$ 4.11 billion. At a CAGR of 9.61%, the tertiary sector was the fastest growing among the 3 sectors during 2011-12 to 2016-17. It was the largest contributor to the state’s Gross Value Added (GSVA) in 2016-17 with a share of 51.79%.

Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. The diverse range of soil types, including red-loamy and laterite, support various agricultural crops like rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, cotton, jute and mesta.

Meghalaya has an installed capacity of 387.19 MW for hydroelectric power as of January 2018. The potential for hydropower in the state is estimated to be around 3,000 MW.

The natural resources, policy incentives and infrastructure in the state favour investments in the tourism, hydroelectric power, manufacturing and mining sectors. Mineral, horticulture, electronics, IT, agro-processing and tourism have been identified as the thrust sectors for industrial development. The state has abundant natural resources, which offer significant avenues for investment. About 14 per cent (3,108 square kilometres) of Meghalaya is covered by bamboo forests and the state is one of the leading bamboo producers in the country.

Some of the major initiatives taken by the government to promote Meghalaya as an investment destination are:

  • Under budget 2017-18, the state government allocated US$ 268.67 million for community and rural development.
  • Under the annual budget 2015-16, an investment of US$ 0.29 million has been approved by the Meghalaya State Medicinal Plants Board to increase the production of medicinal plants.
  • The state government has also proposed an outlay of US$ 32.13 million to improve power supply in the state and associated services, power losses in urban areas, etc., under the Restructured Accelerated Power Development and Reforms Programme.
  • Under the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017), the state has been assigned with afforestation on clan/community land through Joint Forest Management Committees with a major push in the medicinal plants sector.
  • An investment of US$ 3.98 million was proposed to be invested for the development of roads and bridges in the state and US$ 54.66 million was proposed for the improvement of the agriculture sector of the state under the 12th Five Year Plan (2012-2017).
  • The state is focusing on developing water harvesting and distribution infrastructure to increase the level of mechanisation in the horticulture sector.
  • The state government is inviting investments in this area through the PPP mode. Independent power producers (IPPs) are also being invited to develop hydro projects in Meghalaya; this provides immense potential for investment.

Download File Download PDF   (Size: 1.52 MB )