Real estate sector in India is expected to reach US$ 1 trillion by 2030. By 2025, it will contribute 13 per cent to country’s GDP. Real Estate stock in India was expected to reach 3.7 million square feet (msf) in 2019, with addition of 200 msf during the year. Emergence of nuclear families, rapid urbanisation and rising household income are likely to remain the key drivers for growth in all spheres of real estate, including residential, commercial, and retail. Rapid urbanisation in the country is pushing the growth of real estate. More than 70 per cent of India’s GDP will be contributed by urban areas by 2020.
Real estate attracted around Rs 43,780 crore (US$ 6.26 billion) in investment in 2019. The retail segment in Indian realty attracted PE (Private Equity) investment of around US$ 1 billion in 2019. Institutional investment into Indian real estate sector stood at US$ 712 million during the quarter ended March 2020. Real estate attracted around US$ 14 billion from foreign PE between 2015 and Q32019.
Office space has been driven mostly by growth in ITeS/IT, BFSI, consulting and manufacturing sectors. During 2019, the office leasing space reached 60.6 msf across eight major cities, registering a growth of 27 per cent y-o-y. In 2019, office sector demand with commercial leasing activity reached 69.4 msf. Warehousing space is expected to reach 247 msf in 2020 and see investment of Rs 50,000 crore (US$ 7.76 billion) during 2018-20. Grade-A office space absorption is expected to cross 700 msf by 2022 with Delhi-NCR contributing the most to this demand.
Housing sales reached 2.61 lakh units in 2019 across seven major cities.
The Government of India has been supportive towards the real estate sector. In August 2015, the Union Cabinet approved 100 Smart City Projects in India. The Government has also raised FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) limits for townships and settlements development projects to 100 per cent. Real estate projects within Special Economic Zones (SEZ) are also permitted for 100 per cent FDI. Export from SEZs reached Rs 7.01 lakh crore (US$ 100.30 billion) in FY19 and grew by almost 14.5 per cent to Rs 3.82 lakh crore (US$ 54.66 billion) in H1FY20.
Government of India’s Housing for All initiative is expected to bring US$ 1.3 trillion investment in the housing sector by 2025. As of December 2019, under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) [PMAY (U)], 1.12 crore houses were sanctioned in urban areas, with a potential to create 1.20 crore jobs. The scheme is expected to push affordable housing and construction in the country and give a boost to the real estate sector. The Government has also released draft guidelines for investment by Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) in non-residential segment.