Services sector is the biggest one in India and contributes more than half of Gross Value Added (GVA). Services sector GVA at current basic prices has grown at a CAGR of 6.25 per cent between FY12-FY19* to reach US$ 1,294.41 billion.
The sector also provides employment to a large share of Indian population. As of 2018, 34.49 per cent of India’s employed population was working in the services sector^.
Also, services exports comprise a major part of the total exports of India. Net Services exports from India stood at US$ 38.95 billion in H1 2018-19 (P). India ranked as the eighth largest exporter of commercial services globally in 2017.
Moreover, the sector is the largest recipient of FDI in India with inflows of US$ 74.14 billion between April 2000 and March 2019.
The sector has continuously recorded strong growth. The Nikkei India Services Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) stood at 50.2 in March 2019, indicating an expansion.
Sub-sectors that are performing well within the services sector are:
The Government has undertaken various steps towards boosting growth of the services sector. The government introduced ‘Services Exports from India Scheme’ (SEIS) aimed at promoting export of services from India by providing duty scrip credit for eligible exports. Under this scheme, a reward of 3 to 5 per cent of net foreign exchange earned is given for Mode 1 and Mode 2 services. Further, in the mid-term review of Foreign Trade Policy 2015-20, SEIS incentives to notified services were increased by 2 per cent. Also, the Government of India has identified 12 sectors under the Champion Services Sectors Initiative which is aimed at formulating cross-cutting action plans to promote their growth.
Notes: P – Provisional, E-Estimate, H1 2018-19 – April-September 2018, ^International Labour Organisation Estimates