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Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Assam

November, 2018

Assam is the largest economy in the Northeast region. Owing to its relative proximity to the rest of the country and availability of quality infrastructure, the state offers a favourable environment for industry.

Assam boasts largest tea growing area in the world, constituting around one-seventh of the global tea production. The state accounts for over 50 per cent in the country’s overall tea production. Tea production in the state stood at nearly 467.68 thousand tonnes during April – September 2018. It also has 20 industrial estates, three industrial growth centres, 11 Integrated Infrastructure Development Depots, 17 industrial areas, 12 growth centres, eight mini industrial estates, one export promotion park and one food processing industrial park. Assam is also the most popular tourist destination among the north-eastern states.

Between 2011-12 and 2016-17, Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) expanded at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 11.78 per cent to US$ 37.23 billion. Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) expanded at a CAGR of 11.48 per cent to US$ 33.20 billion between 2011-12 and 2016-17.

According to the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), cumulative FDI inflows in the state of Assam* during April 2000 to June 2018 is US$ 110 million. During 2018-19**, exports from the state stood at US$ 154.87 million.

To facilitate infrastructure support, the State Industries and Commerce Department has sponsored three projects as industrial growth centres at Chariduar, Matia and Chaygaon-Patgaon.

The Assam government has approved 11 integrated infrastructure development centres across the state. Some of the major initiatives taken by the government to promote Assam as an investment destination are:

  • Bogibeel, India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge is expected to be open for public by December 2018. The bridge will improve connectivity in eastern region of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. 
  • The State has adopted the North East Industrial Investment Promotion Policy and Industrial Policy of Assam to facilitate business through fiscal incentives and multi-year concessions to investors.
  • Due to the high potential for development of wildlife tourism in the state, the central government has increased the funds under the centrally sponsored “Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats” scheme towards the state to US$ 428 thousand for the year 2017-18.
  • In 2017 (P), 6.07 million tourists arrived in the state of Assam.
  • Assam Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) has implemented an Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) at Amingaon, near Guwahati in the district of Kamrup, at an estimated cost of US$ 3 million.
  • Industrial growth centres with supporting infrastructure have been set up at Balipara in the Sonitpur district and Matia in Goalpara at estimated cost of US$ 4.5 million and US$ 5.3 million respectively.
  • Integrated Infrastructure Development (IID) centres have been planned at Parbatpur, Serphangguri, Dalgaon, Demow, Bhomoraguri, Malinibeel, Dahudi, Silapathar, Rangia, Banderdewa and Titabar.
  • In January 2018 ‘Chah Bagicha Dhan Puraskar Mela’ scheme was launched to transfer an amount of Rs 2,500 (US$ 38.79) to each Tea Garden worker in the state who has a bank account. As per budget 2018-19, such amount has been transferred to 721,485 bank accounts of workers across 752 tea gardens spread over 26 districts in Assam.
  • Border Trade Centers (BTCs) have been established at Mankachar (Dhubri), Sutarkandi (Karimganj) and Darranga (Kamrup).

Note: P – Provisional, * - Including Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura, ** - Upto September 2018

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