Agriculture and Food

Agriculture and Food Industry In India

Last Updated: July, 2014


Agriculture is the mainstay of the Indian economy, providing employment to 52 per cent of its workforce. The agriculture and food processing sector plays an instrumental role in augmenting the growth of the economy, as it is an important source of raw material for the industrial sector.

India's agrarian culture and varied regional climate have made a significant contribution to the global food basket. Indian curries, mangoes, snacks and spices are known for their excellent quality worldwide. Globally, India holds the top position in the following food segments:

  • India is the largest producer of milk in the world (127.9 million tonnes) which is 16.43 percent share of total milk production in the world.
  • India has the largest buffalo population (111 million) which is 58 per cent of the world's buffalo population.
  • It is the largest producer of mangoes in the world (15.03 million tonnes) contributing 40.48 percent of the world’s total mango production.
  • It is also the largest producer of bananas (30.28 million tonnes)
  • It occupies the second position in fruit (81.28 million tonnes ) and vegetable production (162.19 million tonnes)
  • It is the second-largest producer of fish in the world (over 9 million tonnes)

Export Highlights

The exports of agriculture products has touched US$ 44.59 billion in the period Apr 2013- Feb 2014. Exports of processed fruits and vegetables and other processed food exports touched US$ 5.24 billion, fresh fruits and vegetables showed US$ 1.45 billion, cereals at US$ 10.54 billion, and animal products registered US$ 5.36 billion amount of exports in the same period of 2013-14.

Agriculture and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority

The Agriculture and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) plays a significant role in tapping India’s agricultural strengths and works towards expanding the export potential of Indian agricultural and food products.

Exports of agricultural and processed food products has touched US$ 22,138 million in 2012-13, registering a growth of 23 per cent over the previous year.

Agriculture and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA)


Other Export Promotion Councils:

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.


NCUI Building 3,
Siri Institutional Area,
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Tel.: +91-11-26513204
Fax: +91-11-26526187
Email: headq@apeda.gov.in
Website: www.apeda.gov.in

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