Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu
Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu, a union territory (UT) of India, is located in the western region of India. The UT shares borders with the Arabian Sea, Maharashtra and Gujarat. In January 2020, the government merged the two union territories of Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu into one.
Of the total installed capacity in FY22, 512.86 MW was managed by central utilities, and 246.18 MW by private companies. Thermal power plants accounted for a significant share in the total installed capacity with 696.86 MW, whereas nuclear energy and renewable energy contributed 16 MW and 46.18 MW, respectively. As per the Union Budget 2022-23, the Ministry of Home Affairs allocated Rs. 47.03 crore (US$ 6.16 million) for the transmission and distribution of power.
Total merchandise exports from the UT stood at US$ 4.14 billion in FY22 (until February 2022).
The UT has well-developed social, physical and industrial infrastructure. It has a domestic airport that connects it to the cities of Mumbai and Ahmedabad. The Diu airport handled 27,772 passengers in FY22 (until February 2022).
It also has a minor port infrastructure. The state is an established base for the textile and plastic industries.
Between October 2019-December 2021, FDI inflows in Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu stood at US$ 143 million.
- In the Union Budget 2022-23:
- Rs. 116.99 crore (US$ 15.34 million) was allocated for various schemes in the education sector.
- Rs. 183.63 crore (US$ 24.07 million) was allocated to carry out various schemes in the medical and health sector.
- Rs. 324.69 crore (US$ 42.57 million) was allocated for various schemes related to roads and bridges.
- In August 2021, ReNew Power signed a power purchase agreement (PPA) with the Solar Energy Corp. of India (SECI) for round-the-clock (RTC) electricity supply of 400 MW in Dadra & Nagar Haveli and New Delhi.
- In July 2021, Torrent Power announced the acquisition of 51% in power distribution companies in Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu to cater to the rising demand for power in the union territory, and strengthen its position as one of the leading power distribution companies in the country.
- In June 2021, the Tribal Co-operative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED) inaugurated two new retail outlets in Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu to promote tribal products in the union territory.
- In December 2020, Hindalco Industries announced plans to set up a 34,000 tonne aluminium extrusion plant worth Rs. 730 crore (US$ 99.28 million) at Silvassa.
- The proposed eight-lane Baroda-Mumbai expressway will pass through the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Dadra & Nagar Haveli, thereby opening up the UT to investments.
- The ‘New Education Policy’ will help in the development of higher education infrastructure within the boundaries of this union territory.
- In 2018, the central government approved the set up the first medical college in Daman & Diu for Rs. 189 crore (US$ 25.6 million).
- Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu are leaders in plasticisers and contribute to 28% of India’s plastic production in the form of aerospace, households, medical, green houses, defence and non-conventional energy.
- In FY22 (until February 2022), the UT exported plastic raw materials worth US$ 137.83 million, and plastic sheets and films worth US$ 94.6 million.
- Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu leads in integrated textile plants and polyester hubs and accounts for 80% of India’s texturising yarn production.
- In FY22 (until February 2022), the UT exported manmade yarn, fabrics and madeups worth US$ 680 million.
- The coastline in Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu is 27 kms and the UT has 7 landing centres. The marine catch comprises of oil sardines, shrimps, Indian mackerel, Bombay duck, croakers, cephalopods, other sardines and threadfin breams.