Carpet weaving in India was introduced in the 16th century, and Indian carpets have a huge demand in the international markets. India’s heritage of handmade carpets has been recognized worldwide with a significant share in global exports for its eco-friendliness, subtle elegance, excellent designs, superior quality, vibrant color craftsmanship with a human touch. Indian handmade carpet industry is highly labor-intensive and provides employment to over 20 Lakhs workers/ artisans, especially women directly or indirectly in the rural areas.
Currently, India is ranked first in handmade carpet and other floor coverings production and exports in terms of value and volume. The country produces a wide range of handmade carpets and other floor coverings in low, medium, and high quality. Categories of Indian handwoven carpets include Indo Persian, silk, wool and silk, hand-tufted, Zeigler, and Kilim.
The major carpet-producing states in India are Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, and the North-Eastern states. Seven key products in the carpet and durries sector registered in a geographical indication (GI) under Intellectual property rights (IPR) are Handmade Carpet of Bhadohi, Mirzapur Handmade Dhurrie, Kashmir Handmade Carpet, Navalgund Durrie, Ghazipur Wall hanging, Wrangle Durries and Agra Durrie.