Indian Pharmaceutical Industry

The Indian pharmaceutical industry is projected to grow at a CAGR of over 10% to reach a size of US$ 130 billion by 2030.

Advantage India

Cost
Efficiency

* India has emrged as the medial tourism hub of the world providing cost-effective treatments with the latest technology enabled by several pathbreaking reforms and provisions.

* Access to affordable HIV treatment from India is one of the greatest success stories in medicine. India is one of the biggest suppliers of low-cost vaccines in the world.

* Because of the low price and high quality, Indian medicines are preferred worldwide, thereby rightly making the country the ‘Pharmacy of the World’.

* India has been traditionally quite strong in the pharma sector, with a low cost of manufacturing (30%–35% lower than in the US and Europe), cost-efficient R&D (about 87% less than in developed markets), and cheap skilled labour

Cost Efficiency

Economic
Drivers

* On December 21, 2020, MoU was signed between Tata Memorial Centre of India and Vietnam National Cancer Hospital to promote exchanges in the areas of training and scientific research, health care services, collaboration in diagnosis and treatment for cancer patients.

* The total market size of the Indian Pharma Industry is expected to reach US$ 130 billion by 2030 and US$ 450 billion market by 2047.

* The domestic pharmaceutical industry would likely reach US$ 57 billion by FY25 and see an increase in operating margins of 100-150 basis points (bps).

* India has the largest number of USFDA-compliant pharmaceutical plants outside the US and over 2,000 WHO-GMP approved facilities, serving demand from 150+ countries worldwide, with 10,500+ manufacturing facilities.

Economic Drivers

policy
Support

* The Ministry's scheme “Strengthening of Pharmaceutical Industry (SPI)" with a total financial outlay of Rs. 500 crore (US$ 60.9 million) extends support required to existing pharma clusters and MSMEs across the country to improve their productivity, quality and sustainability.

* The Government has set a target to increase the number of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendras to 10,500 by March 2025. The product basket of PMBJP comprises 1,451 drugs and 240 surgical instruments.

* The Union Cabinet, on April 26, 2023, approved the National Medical Devices Policy, 2023, which is expected to facilitate the growth of the medical device sector to meet the public health objectives of access, affordability, quality, and innovation.

* The PLI scheme for pharmaceuticals is being implemented with a total outlay of the Rs. 15,000 crore (US$ 2.04 billion) spanning from 2020-21 to 2028-29, to boost India's manufacturing capacity, elevate investment, and diversify product offerings in the sector.

Policy Support

Increasing
Investment

* Up to 100%, FDI has been allowed through automatic route for Greenfield pharmaceuticals projects. For Brownfield pharmaceuticals projects, FDI allowed is up to 74% through automatic route and beyond that through government approval.

* The cumulative FDI equity inflow in the Drugs and Pharmaceuticals industry is US$ 22.38 billion during the period April 2000-December 2023. This constitutes almost 3.4% of the total FDI inflow received across sectors.

* Indian pharma companies have a substantial share in the prescription market in the US and EU. The largest number of FDA-approved plants outside the US is in India.

* In the Interim Budget 2024-25, the government earmarked Rs. 1,000 crore (US$ 120 million) for the promotion of bulk drug parks for FY25, a significant increase from the previous year.

Increasing Investment
Last updated: Jun, 2024

Major states for Pharmaceuticals

  • Karnataka
  • Maharashtra
  • Gujarat
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Delhi NCR
  • Tamil Nadu
  • Telangana

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