Arunachal Pradesh is the largest among the eight North-Eastern states of India. The state's geographic location provides immense business opportunities for international trade with South Asian countries.
Arunachal Pradesh is the largest among the seven states located in the northeast of India, with an area of 83,743 sq kms. It shares its borders with the neighboring countries of Bhutan in the west, China (Tibet) in the north and northeast, Myanmar in the east and southeast, and the Indian states of Assam and Nagaland in the south. The geographic location of the state provides immense opportunities for international trade with South Asian countries such as Myanmar, Bhutan, and China. At current prices, Arunachal Pradesh’s GSDP is estimated to reach Rs. 37,870 crore (US$ 4.60 billion) in 2023-24.
The land is mostly mountainous with the Himalayan ranges. The state is divided into five river valleys - the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit, and the Tirap. These river valleys have immense hydropower potential, currently estimated at 50,328 Megawatt (MW), or approximately 22% of India's current power generating capacity. As of September, 2023, Arunachal Pradesh had a total installed power-generation capacity of 773.32 MW. The state's economy is largely agrarian, based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, oilseeds, cereals, potato, and pineapple. In 2021-22* total horticulture production reached 205.34 thousand metric tonnes (MT).
Some of the other key industries of the state include art and crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, horticulture, power, and mineral based industry. The state and central Governments have both offered huge fiscal and policy incentives for the development of thrust sectors in the state. Some of these policies include Public Private Partnership Policy 2011, the State Industrial Policy 2008, and the Hydro Power Policy 2008.
Textiles: Textiles and handicrafts from the state are in demand in neighbouring countries. In FY22, commodity exports from the state were valued at US$ 1.62 million. Raw silk production [provisional] in the state reached 49 metric tonnes (MT) in FY23.
Jal Jeevan Mission scheme for providing water supply to Mimey village of Arunachal Pradesh, has been approved by the State Level Scheme Sanctioning Committee (SLSSC) and is expected to be completed by March 2021.
Raksha Mantri, Mr Rajnath Singh dedicated 44 major permanent bridges, to provide better connectivity to remote areas across seven states and union territories. He also laid the Foundation Stone for Nechiphu Tunnel in Arunachal Pradesh.