Arunachal Pradesh has vast potential for development of sericulture and enjoys the unique distinction of producing all the four varieties of commercially exploited natural silks -
Mulberry, Eri, Muga and Oak tasar.
Arunachal Pradesh is the largest among the seven states located in the northeast of India, with an area of 83,743 sq kms. It shares its borders with the neighboring countries of Bhutan in the west, China (Tibet) in the north and northeast, Myanmar in the east and southeast, and the Indian states of Assam and Nagaland in the south. The geographic location of the state provides immense opportunities for international trade with South Asian countries such as Myanmar, Bhutan, and China.
At current prices, Arunachal Pradesh’s GSDP reached Rs. 33,181 crore (US$ 4.35 billion) in 2021-22. The state’s GSDP (in Rs.) increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.2% between 2015-16 and 2021-22.
The land is mostly mountainous with the Himalayan ranges. The state is divided into five river valleys - the Kameng, the Subansiri, the Siang, the Lohit, and the Tirap. These river valleys have immense hydropower potential, currently estimated at 50,328 megawatt (MW), or approximately 22% of India's current power generating capacity. As of February 2022, the installed hydropower capacity in the state stood at 544.55 MW.
The state's economy is largely agrarian, based on the terraced farming of rice and the cultivation of crops such as maize, millet, wheat, pulses, sugarcane, ginger, oilseeds, cereals, potato, and pineapple. In 2018-19* total horticulture production reached 190.70 thousand metric tonnes (MT).
Some of the other key industries of the state include art and crafts, weaving, cane and bamboo, horticulture, power, and mineral based industry. Due to its topography, the state has varied agro-climatic conditions suitable for horticulture of flowers, aromatic and medicinal plants. Arunachal Pradesh is home to 601 species of orchids, or 52% of the species of orchids known in India, indicating a huge potential for attracting tourists, especially foreign ones.
The state and central Governments have both offered huge fiscal and policy incentives for the development of thrust sectors in the state. Some of these policies include Public Private Partnership Policy 2011, the State Industrial Policy 2008, and the Hydro Power Policy 2008.
According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), FDI inflows to the northeast states1 totalled US$ 142 million between April 2000 and March 2021. The state attracted FDI inflow worth US$ 5.55 million between October 2019-December 2021.
In February 2021, the Union Government approved construction of roads measuring 598 kms with an estimated cost of ~Rs. 1,100 crore (US$ 148.29 million).
In August 2021, Chief Minister Mr. Pema Khandu announced that the 2,396-kilometre-long Trans Arunachal Highway (TAH) connecting 16 districts in Arunachal Pradesh, is being constructed by four agencies—the state Public Works Department (PWD), Ministry of Road Transport and Highway (MoRTH), National Highway Infrastructure Development Corporation Ltd. (NHIDCL) and the Border Roads Organisation (BRO).
Jal Jeevan Mission scheme for providing water supply to Mimey village of Arunachal Pradesh, has been approved by the State Level Scheme Sanctioning Committee (SLSSC) and is expected to be completed by March 2021.
Raksha Mantri, Mr Rajnath Singh dedicated 44 major permanent bridges, to provide better connectivity to remote areas across seven states and union territories. He also laid the Foundation Stone for Nechiphu Tunnel in Arunachal Pradesh.