Some of the investments/ developments in the Metals & Mining sector in the recent past are as follows:
As per data from the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI), India's mining GDP increased from Rs. 739.90 billion (US$ 8.98 billion) in the fourth quarter of 2020 to Rs. 913.03 billion (US$ 11.09 billion) in the first quarter of 2021.
The index of mineral production of mining and quarrying sector for the month of December 2022 stood at 107.4, 9.8% higher as compared to the level in the month of December 2021.
In FY23 (until December 2022), the combined index of eight core industries stood at 152.2 driven by the production of coal, refinery products, fertilizers, steel, electricity and cement industries.
Between April 2000-September 2022, FDI inflows in the metallurgical industry stood at US$ 17.09 billion, followed by the mining (US$ 3.405 billion), diamond & gold ornaments (US$ 1.219 billion) and coal production (US$ 27.73 million) industries.
In February 2023, ArcelorMittal - Nippon Steel is investing Rs. 60,000 crore (US$ 7.3 billion) to expand its steelmaking capacity in Hazira to 15MT a year from 9MT.
In February 2023, NMDC signed an agreement for collaborative research with CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar on “Feasibility Studies for Preparation of Fused Magnesia from Kimberlite Tailings” at its Head Office in Hyderabad.
In November 2022, IIT Bombay and JSW Group entered into an exclusive strategic agreement to establish first-of-its-kind, state-of-the-art JSW Technology Hub in India for steel manufacturing in India.
In August 2022, Tata Steel signed a MoU with the Government of Punjab for setting up a 0.75 MnTPA long products steel plant with a scrap-based electric arc furnace.
In July 2022, Hindalco Industries Limited has signed an MoU with Phinergy and IOC Phinergy Private Limited (IOP) on R&D and pilot production of aluminium plates for Aluminium-Air batteries, and recycling of aluminium, after usage in these batteries.
In October 2022, Coal India Limited (CIL) signed a MoU with Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam Limited (RVUNL), for setting up 1,190 MW solar power project.
In January 2023, Vedanta announced that its board had approved the sale of its international zinc assets in South Africa and Namibia to subsidiary Hindustan Zinc (HZL) for US$ 2.98 billion.
In March 2022, MOU with detailed collaborative framework was between KABIL, India and Critical Mineral Office (CMO), Department of Industry, Science and Resources (DISER), Govt. of Australia for carrying out joint due diligence and further joint investment in Li & Co mineral assets of Australia.
In February 2023, JSW Group announced to build a steel plant in Andhra Pradesh's YSR Kadapa district with an investment of Rs. 8,800 crore (US$ 1 billion).
In 2021, an Indian state committee recommended the expansion of Vedanta Ltd’s Lanjigarh Alumina refinery from 1 million tonnes to 6 million tonnes, an investment that would cost the company Rs. 64.83 billion (US$ 993 million).
In February 2023, Essar Capital Limited, investment manager of Essar Global Fund Limited, announced to set up steel plants in Odisha and a facility to import liquefied natural gas (LNG) at Hazira in Gujarat.
On 2nd September 2022, Steel Authority of India Ltd. (SAIL) has supplied about 30000 tonnes of the specialty steel for nation’s first indigenously built Aircraft Carrier INS Vikrant for Indian Navy which commissioned at Cochin Shipyard Ltd.
Innovative mineral exploration activities using state-of-the-art technology by Geological Survey of India (GSI), stepped up efforts by Khanij Bidesh India Limited (KABIL) to source strategic minerals from countries like Australia, Argentina and Chile.
Three Indian state-run companies, National Aluminium Co Ltd, Hindustan Copper Ltd and Mineral Exploration Corp formed a joint venture to buy mining assets overseas that have minerals such as lithium and cobalt, which are used in the manufacture of batteries for electric vehicles.
- The index of mineral production of mining and quarrying sector for the month of September 2022 stood at 99.5.
- Between April 2000-June 2022, FDI inflows in the metallurgical industry stood at US$ 17.07 billion, followed by the mining (US$ 3.40 billion), diamond & gold ornaments (US$ 1.21 billion) and coal production (US$ 27.73 million) industries.
- GVA from mining and quarrying stood at US$ 43.3 billion in FY22, as per the advance estimates
- In FY23, Vedanta's aluminium division will focus on backward integration and will put two of its mines in Odisha into production.
- Iron and steel imports stood at US$ 1,991.41 million in October 2022.
- In FY23 (until September 2022), the combined index of eight core industries stood at 142.8 driven by the production of coal, refinery products, fertilizers, steel, electricity and cement industries.
- NMDC’s cumulative iron ore production (until May 2022) stood at 6.35 MT as compared to 5.91 MT (until May 2021)
- As of October 31, 2022, India’s total installed electricity generation capacity stood at 408,714.84 MW.
- In 2021-22, India’s iron and steel export was valued at US$ 17.62 billion. During FY16-22, India’s export of iron and steel grew at a CAGR of 17.15%.
- In October 2022, iron ore exports stood at US$ 7.83 million.
- In November 2021, JSW Steel announced that the company registered a 6% YoY surge in crude steel production at 1.42 million tonnes in October 2021.
- In November 2021, AMNS India announced that it is planning to manufacture specialty steel under the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme.
- Vedanta Limited is planning a US$ 20 billion investment across its operations, including increase silver production and steel capacity.
- In June 2021, Mr. T.V. Narendran, the CII President and Managing Director of Tata Steel, stated that steel firms have firmed up plans to invest ~Rs. 60,000 crore (US$ 8 billion) over the next three years in this sector.
- In May 2021, Vedanta Ltd. announced its plan to invest Rs.10,000 crore (US$ 1.34 billion) in setting up an aluminium park in Odisha to facilitate companies that use metal to set up their manufacturing units in the facility.
- In May 2021, ArcelorMittal Nippon Steel (AMNS) signed a contract with Total (a France-based energy company) for supply of up to 500,000 tons of liquefied natural gas (LNG) per year until 2026.
- In February 2021, ArcelorMittal-Nippon Steel India, in agreement with the Odisha government, has planned to set up an integrated steel plant (with 12 MT capacity) in the state’s Kendrapada district for Rs. 50,000 crore (US$ 6.89 billion)
- In February 2021, two new iron ore mines were inaugurated in Odisha, with a production capacity of 15 lakh tonnes per month and ~275 million tonnes of consolidated iron ore reserves. These mines will bring in ~Rs. 5000 crore (US$ 679.28 million) in annual revenue for the state and employment opportunities for locals.