India is the seventh-largest producer of wool and accounts for nearly 2 to 3 per cent of total world production. The global textile market genetrated total revenues of US$ 234 billion in 2010, representing a growth rate of 2.7 per cent for the period 2005 to 2010.
India has the third largest sheep population in the world with 64 million sheep. The annual wool production is in the range of 43-46 million kg.
The wool textile industry in India is poised to grow at a healthy rate. A higher rate of technology penetration into this industry, coupled with government incentives and other capacity-building initiatives have resulted in increased exports, besides stimulating domestic consumption.
- The industry is rural-based and export-oriented in which the organised sector, the decentralised sector and the rural sector complement each other. The industry is concentrated in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Gujarat. Around 40 per cent of the woollen units are located in Punjab, 27 per cent in Haryana, 10 per cent in Rajasthan, while the rest of the states account for the remaining 23 per cent of the units. The larger units are located in Maharashtra, Punjab, Gujarat and West Bengal.
- The production of indigenous raw wool in 2010-11 was estimated to be at 43.3 million kg. Of the total production of raw wool, 5 per cent is apparel grade, 85 per cent carpet grade and 10 per cent coarse grade. Indian wool is almost exclusively of broader micron and used extensively in the manufacturing of carpets and rugs.
The total number of units, including those in the decentralised hosiery and shawl sector, was 958 in 2011-12 compared to 718 units in 2003-04.The wool textile industry provides employment to 2.7 million workers - 1.2 million in the organised sector, 1.2 million in sheep rearing and farming, and 0.3 million weavers in the carpet sector.
Wool Industry Export Promotion Council (WOOLTEXPRO)
WOOLTEXPRO is an autonomous non-profit export promotion council sponsored by the Ministry of Textiles. It has become the international face of Indian woolen textiles by facilitation exports successfully.
7th Floor, 5, New Marine Lines
Mumbai - 400 020
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