About Jharkhand: Information on Mining Industries, Economy, Agriculture & Geography

Latest update: August, 2018

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Ranchi
  • Geographical Area (sq km):79,714
  • State Language:Hindi, Santhali, Urdu, Bengali and English
  • Literacy Rate:66.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Mining and mineral extraction, engineering, iron and steel, chemicals, handloom, food and beverages, automotive and cement

Last Updated: August, 2018

JHARKHAND State Report | October, 2018

Jharkhand is located in the eastern part of India. The state shares its borders with West Bengal in the east, Uttar Pradesh and Chhattisgarh in the west, Bihar in the north and Odisha in the south. In India, Jharkhand is one of the leading states in terms of economic growth. The GSDP growth of the state stood at 10.22 per cent in 2017-18.

Jharkhand is one of the richest mineral zones in the world and boasts of 40 per cent and 29 per cent of India's mineral and coal reserves respectively. Due to its large mineral reserves, mining and mineral extraction are the major industries in the state. Value of mineral production (excluding fuel minerals) during 2017-18 (up to February 2018) stood at Rs 1,866.25 crore (US$ 289.57 million).

Jharkhand is rich in mineral resources such as coal (27.3 per cent of India’s reserves), iron ore (26 per cent of India’s reserves), copper ore (18.5 per cent of India’s reserves), uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, limestone, silver, graphite, magnetite and dolomite. Jharkhand is the only state in India to produce coking coal, uranium and pyrite. With 25.7 per cent of the total iron ore (hematite) reserves, Jharkhand ranks second among the states.

The state’s industries enjoy a unique location-specific advantage as it is close to the vast market of eastern India. It is closer to the ports of Kolkata, Haldia and Paradip which helps in transportation of minerals.

The state has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 113 million during the period April 2000 to June 2018, according to data released by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

Jharkhand offers a wide range of fiscal and policy incentives to industries, under the Industrial Policy, 2012. The state also has policies for IT and special economic zones (SEZs) offering sector-specific incentives, as well as the Jharkhand Energy Policy 2012 which aims to supply reliable and quality power in an efficient manner at a reasonable price.

About 80 per cent of the rural population of the state depends on agriculture. Rice is the major food crop of the state, covering 80 per cent of the cropped area.

Recent Developments:

  • In 2018 (up to June), the number of IEMs filed were 10 and the amount of investments proposed were Rs 448 crore (US$ 66.83 million).
  • Jharkhand Education Project Council, in collaboration with Sampark Foundation, launched Sampark Smart Shala program with an investment worth US$ 5.94 million to reach 26,000 primary schools in the state.
  • Under Jharkhand Automobile and Auto-Component Policy 2015, the government plans to create additional employment opportunities for 50,000 personnel in this sector by 2020 and encourage establishment of Tier-1, Tier-2 and Tier-3 auto-component manufacturers in the state.
  • Jharkhand has received an approval from the central government for US$ 210 million assistance from the World Bank for urban infrastructure projects.
  • Jharkhand Industrial and Investment Promotion Policy 2016 have been drafted in order to foster manufacturing and innovation, create employment opportunities and state-of-the-art infrastructure and enhance inclusivity through various sectors of the state.

Key Sectors:

  • The government targets to increase steel production to 25 million tonnes by 2017-18.
  • More than 600 auto ancillary industries, including auto components units, have been set up subsequently at Jamshedpur and Adityapur to cater to the needs of automobiles companies.
  • The state is the largest producer of tasar silk (a non-mulberry silk) in the country, with 76.4 per cent share in the total output. In 2017-18 (P), raw silk production in the state stood at 2,220 million tonnes.
  • The natural resources, policy incentives and location-specific advantages of Jharkhand support investments in sectors such as mining and metal extraction, engineering, iron and steel, and chemicals.
  • As Jharkhand has around 40 per cent of the country’s mineral wealth, its extensive mineral resources make mining, metals and related sectors especially lucrative for investments.
  • The major growth drivers of the engineering industry in Jharkhand are availability of raw material (iron and steel, aluminium, copper and other metals and non-metals), power, water and industrial labour.
  • In 2017-18^, total production of horticulture crops in the state of Jharkhand stood at 4.46 million tonnes, while the total area under cultivation was 398.40 thousand hectares. In 2017-18^, total production of fruits in Jharkhand stood at 1,034.81 thousand tonnes and production of vegetables stood at 3,399.88 thousand tonnes.

Note: ^ - As per 1st Advance Estimates, P – Provisional,

Factfile

  • Capital:Ranchi
  • Geographical Area (sq km):79,714
  • State Language:Hindi, Santhali, Urdu, Bengali and English
  • Literacy Rate:66.4 per cent
  • Key Industries:Mining and mineral extraction, engineering, iron and steel, chemicals, handloom, food and beverages, automotive and cement
Jharkhand Map

Jharkhand