Last Updated: April 23, 2015
Carlos A Cabrera
President and CEO, UOP - a Honeywell company
Updated: March, 2015
SECTORAL REPORT | October, 2014
The oil and gas sector is one of the six core industries in India. It is of strategic importance and plays a pivotal role in influencing decisions across other important spheres of the economy.
In 1997–98, the New Exploration Licensing Policy (NELP) was envisioned to deal with the ever-growing gap between demand and supply of gas in India. As per a recent report, the oil and gas industry in India is anticipated to be worth US$ 139,814.7 million by 2015. With India’s economic growth closely linked to energy demand, the need for oil and gas is projected to grow further, rendering the sector a fertile ground for investment.
To cater to the increasing demand, the Government of India has adopted several policies, including allowing 100 per cent foreign direct investment (FDI) in many segments of the sector, such as natural gas, petroleum products, and refineries, among others. The government’s participation has made the oil and gas sector in the country a better target of investment. Today, it attracts both domestic and foreign investment, as attested by the presence of Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) and Cairn India.
Backed by new oil fields, domestic oil output is anticipated to grow to 1 MBPD by FY16. With India developing gas-fired power stations, consumption is up more than 160 per cent since 1995. Gas consumption is likely to expand at a CAGR of 21 per cent during FY08–17.
Domestic production accounts for more than three-quarters of the country’s total gas consumption.
India increasingly relies on imported LNG; the country was the fifth-largest LNG importer in 2013, accounting for 5.5 per cent of global imports. India’s LNG imports are forecasted to increase at a CAGR of 33 per cent during 2012–17.
State-owned ONGC dominates the upstream segment (exploration and production), accounting for approximately 60 per cent of the country’s total oil output (FY13).
IOCL operates 11,214 km network of crude, gas and product pipelines, with a capacity of 1.6 MBPD of oil and 10 million metric standard cubic metre per day (MMSCMD) of gas. This is around 30 per cent of the nation’s total pipeline network. IOCL is the largest company, operating 10 out of 22 Indian refineries, with a combined capacity of 1.3 MBPD.
According to data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), the petroleum and natural gas sector attracted foreign direct investment (FDI) worth US$ 6,519.53 million between April 2000 and January 2015.
Following are some of the major investments and developments in the oil and gas sector:
Two landmark initiatives for energy efficiency – Design Guidelines for Energy Efficient Multi-Storey Residential Buildings and Star Ratings for Diesel Gensets and for Hospital Buildings – were launched by Mr Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of State with Independent Charge for Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government of India to promote oil and gas sector are:
By 2015-16, India’s demand for gas is set to touch 124 MTPA against a domestic supply of 33 MTPA and higher imports of 47.2 MTPA, leaving a shortage of 44 MTPA, as per projections by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry of India. Moreover, Business Monitor International (BMI) predicts that India will account for 12.4 per cent of Asia-Pacific regional oil demand by 2015.
Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.016 as on March 24, 2015
References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Press Information Bureau, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.
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