Services
Net Services exports from India reached US$ 77.89 billion in 2017-18.

Services Sector in India

Latest update: September, 2018

  • India’s services sector GVA grew at a CAGR of 6.93 per cent to US$ 1,266.1 billion in FY18E from US$ 846.8 billion in FY12.
  • In terms of overall GDP India ranks 5th in 2017 and in terms of services GVA India ranked 13th as of 2015.
  • Growth rate of financial, real estate and professional services is expected to reach 11.07 per cent in FY18. Trade, hotels, transport, communication and services related to broadcasting are expected to grow at 11.88 per cent in FY18.
Growth

Notes: E – Estimate, CAGR - Compound Annual Growth Rate, Exchange Rate used is average for the year
Source: Indiabudget, MOSPI (Second Advance Estimates of National Income 2017-18 and First Revised Estimates of National Income 2016-17)

  • The services sector is the key driver of India’s economic growth
  • The Nikkei India Services Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) grew to 50.30 in March 2018 from 47.80 in February 2018.
Growth

Source: Nikkei

 

Last Updated: September, 2018

Introduction

The services sector is not only the dominant sector in India’s GDP, but has also attracted significant foreign investment flows, contributed significantly to exports as well as provided large-scale employment. India’s services sector covers a wide variety of activities such as trade, hotel and restaurants, transport, storage and communication, financing, insurance, real estate, business services, community, social and personal services, and services associated with construction.

Market Size

The services sector is the key driver of India’s economic growth. The sector has contributed 55.65 per cent of India’s Gross Value Added at current price in Q1 2018-19 and employed 28.6 per cent of the total population. Net service exports stood at US$ 18.7 billion in Q1 2018-19 (P).

Nikkei India Services Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) stood at 51.5 in August 2018. During the same month, business sentiments of service providers were recorded to be at their strongest levels since January 2015.

Investments

Some of the developments and major investments by companies in the services sector in the recent past are as follows:

  • Leisure and business travel and tourism spending are expected to increase to Rs 14,127.1 billion (US$ 216.9 billion) and Rs 806.4 billion (US$ 12.4 billion) in 2018, respectively.
  • India’s earnings from medical tourism could exceed US$ 9 billion by 2020.
  • Indian healthcare companies are entering into merger and acquisitions with domestic and foreign companies to drive growth and gain new markets.

Government Initiatives

The Government of India recognises the importance of promoting growth in services sectors and provides several incentives in wide variety of sectors such as health care, tourism, education, engineering, communications, transportation, information technology, banking, finance, management, among others.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has stated that India's priority will be to work towards trade facilitation agreement (TFA) for services, which is expected to help in the smooth movement of professionals.

The Government of India has adopted a few initiatives in the recent past. Some of these are as follows:

  • Under the Mid-Term Review of Foreign Trade Policy (2015-20), the Central Government increased incentives provided under Services Exports from India Scheme (SEIS) by two per cent.
  • Government of India is working to remove many trade barriers to services and tabled a draft legal text on Trade Facilitation in Services to the WTO in 2017.

Road Ahead

Services sector growth is governed by both domestic and global factors. The Indian facilities management market is expected to grow at 17 per cent CAGR between 2015 and 2020 and surpass the US$19 billion mark supported by booming real estate, retail, and hospitality sectors.

The implementation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has created a common national market and reduced the overall tax burden on goods. It is expected to reduce costs in the long run on account of availability of GST input credit, which will result in the reduction in prices of services.

Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.015 as of March 30, 2018

References: Media Reports, Press Releases, DIPP publication, Press Information Bureau,

Note: P - Provisional, ^As per Motilal Oswal, Q1 2018-19 – April-June 2018

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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