Telangana was formed in June 2014 with Hyderabad as its capital. The state was formed as a result of the split of erstwhile Andhra Pradesh state. The state holds an advantage as it possesses readymade capital with necessary infrastructure and ecosystem. Hyderabad was ranked second among the top 20 global cities in JLL’s City Momentum Index (CMI) 2019.
The capital city of Hyderabad (also the capital for earlier larger Andhra Pradesh state) is a hub for information technology (IT) and pharmaceutical sectors. IT and ITeS exports from Telangana increased at a CAGR of 11.32% from 2013-14 to Rs. 145,522 crore (US$ 20.05 billion) in 2021-21.
At current prices, Telangana’s gross state domestic product (GSDP) was estimated at Rs. 13.04 trillion (US$ 167.82 billion) in 2022-23BE. The state’s GSDP increased at a CAGR of 12.33% between 2015-16 and 2022-23BE. Tertiary sector has been the largest sector, growing at a CAGR of 11.70% (in rupee terms) between 2011-12 and 2020-21, accounting for 59.31% share of the overall GSDP.
The government has conducted a study to prepare comprehensive district tourism development plans and identified 477 tourist destinations for upgrading existing tourist amenities/facilities. The erstwhile districts identified with the greatest number of proposed tourist destinations are Hyderabad (41), Rangareddy (26), Nalgonda (23), Adilabad (21) and Suryapet (21). The state government proposed to undertake development of three greenfield airports at Jakranpally (Nizamabad), Palvancha (Bhadradri Kothagudem), Mahabubnagar and three brownfield airports at Mamnoor (Warangal), Basant Nagar (Peddapalli) and Adilabad. Techno-Economic Feasibility (TEF) study reports in respect of all the proposed airports have been submitted by AAI to the state government on July 07, 2021.
As of August 2022, the total installed power capacity in Telangana was 18029.39 MW. Of this, 8,763.65 MW was contributed by state utilities, 7,238.86 MW by private utilities and 2,026.88 MW central utilities. According to the India Residential Energy Survey 2020, conducted by the Council of Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), Telangana is one of the eight states in the country that has achieved 100% electrification in households.
According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), between October 2019-June 2022, FDI inflow in Telangana stood at US$ 3,994 million.
Total exports stood at US$ 4,637.73 million in FY 2022-23 (until August 2022).The state ranks 6th in export preparedness (2nd among landlocked states), according to NITI Aayog's Export Performance Index Report 2020.
In 2020, 57 investment intentions with proposed investments worth Rs. 7,392 crore (US$ 996.5 million) were filed in the state.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the government to promote Telangana as an investment destination are:
- In 2021, domestic tourist arrival in the state stood at 320 million, whereas foreign tourist arrival stood at 0.5 million.
- As per statistics of the Airports Authority of India, freight traffic at Hyderabad airport stood at 61,058 MT in FY23 (Until August 2022).
- Production of fruits & vegetables reached 2,309.96 thousand tonnes and 1,682.28 thousand tonnes, respectively, in FY 2021-22.
- Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC), has proposed 15 new projects under the Strategic Road Development Plan (SRDP) Phase-2. The corporation has sought administrative sanction of Rs. 3,115 crore (US$ 400.9 million) from the State government for these projects.
- The Telangana government has collaborated with pharma majors such as Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Laurus Labs as well as academia to set up a one-of-its-kind flow chemistry technology hub (FCTH) at the Dr. Reddy's Institute of Life Sciences (DRILS)
- As per the State government data, Hyderabad has attracted investments nearly worth Rs. 7,500 crore (US$ 965.25 million) in the pharma, biotech and medical devices arenas over the last one year.
- As per the State Budget 2022-23:
- Rs. 822 crore (US$ 105.79 million) has been allocated towards the National Health Mission
- Rs. 2,000 crore (US$ 257.4 million) has been allocated towards construction of medical colleges and super specialty hospitals.
- The state’s first women university will be established at an outlay of Rs. 100 crore (US$ 12.87 million). Over the next two years, medical colleges will be established in all districts.
- In FY 2022-23, the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is targeting 200,000 tourists in Hyderabad for projected earnings of Rs. 26 crore (US$ 3.34 million).
- In September 2021, the state government launched second Information Communication Technology (ICT) policy. The new ICT policy will focus on digital empowerment of citizens, innovation and entrepreneurship, and taking the innovation ecosystem to global levels. Along with the launch of the ICT policy, a memorandum of understanding was signed between Microsoft and the Telangana government through which the global tech company will support development of the local ecosystem through start-up programmes and skilling initiatives.
- In FY21, the Telangana State Industrial Infrastructure Corporation (TSIIC) developed 10 new industrial parks and allotted 810 acres of land to 453 industries with an expected investment of Rs. 6,023 crore (US$ 822 million) and potential employment of 7,623 people.
- In October 2020, the State Government rolled out 10-year Electric Vehicle (EV) policy with the aim to attract US$ 4 billion investments. The policy will aim to make the state a hub for electric vehicles and energy storage systems, and to create employment for 120,000 people through shared mobility, charging infrastructure development, and manufacturing activities.
- The State Government is setting up the Hyderabad Pharma City, which will be the first of its kind, smart ecosystem creating a new international benchmark for Sustainable Industrial cities. The project will be developed over an area of 19,000 acres and is expected to attract Rs. 64,000 crore (US$ 993.02 million).
- Pharmaceutical export also has a majority share in the total merchandise export from the state. Pharmaceutical exports also have a majority share in the total merchandise exports from the state. In FY22, pharmaceutical product exports** from the state stood at US$ 4.66 billion. Hyderabad is poised to grow to a US$ 100 billion business generator by 2030, up from US$ 13 billion (2020), as per projections made in the Life Sciences report of the Telangana government.
Note:** - Includes drug formulation, biologicals, residual chemical and allied products, bulk drug and drug immediate, organic chemicals and other miscellaneous chemicals