Last Updated: October 25, 2016
CEO, Cisco Systems
Last Updated: October, 2016
SECTORAL REPORT | October, 2015
India is the world's largest sourcing destination for the information technology (IT) industry, accounting for approximately 67 per cent of the US$ 124-130 billion market. The industry employs about 10 million workforces. More importantly, the industry has led the economic transformation of the country and altered the perception of India in the global economy. India's cost competitiveness in providing IT services, which is approximately 3-4 times cheaper than the US, continues to be the mainstay of its Unique Selling Proposition (USP) in the global sourcing market. However, India is also gaining prominence in terms of intellectual capital with several global IT firms setting up their innovation centres in India.
The IT industry has also created significant demand in the Indian education sector, especially for engineering and computer science. The Indian IT and ITeS industry is divided into four major segments – IT services, Business Process Management (BPM), software products and engineering services, and hardware.
The IT-BPM sector which is currently valued at US$ 143 billion is expected to grow at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.3 per cent year-on-year to US$ 143 billion for 2015-16. The sector is expected to contribute 9.5 per cent of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and more than 45 per cent in total services export in 2015-16.
The Indian IT sector is expected to grow at a rate of 12-14 per cent for FY2016-17 in constant currency terms. The sector is also expected triple its current annual revenue to reach US$ 350 billion by FY 2025#.
India ranks third among global start-up ecosystems with more than 4,200 start-ups##.
India’s internet economy is expected to touch Rs 10 trillion (US$ 146.72 billion) by 2018, accounting for 5 per cent of the country’s GDP###. India’s internet user base reached over 400 million by May 2016, the third largest in the world, while the number of social media users grew to 143 million by April 2015 and smartphones grew to 160 million.
Public cloud services revenue in India is expected to reach US$ 1.26 billion in 2016, growing by 30.4 per cent year-on-year (y-o-y)^. The public cloud market alone in the country was estimated to treble to US$ 1.9 billion by 2018 from US$ 638 million in 2014^. Increased penetration of internet (including in rural areas) and rapid emergence of e-commerce are the main drivers for continued growth of data centre co-location and hosting market in India. The Indian Healthcare Information Technology (IT) market is valued at US$ 1 billion currently and is expected to grow 1.5 times by 2020^^. India's business to business (B2B) e-commerce market is expected to reach US$ 700 billion by 2020 whereas the business to consumer (B2C) e-commerce market is expected to reach US$ 102 billion by 2020^^^.
Indian IT's core competencies and strengths have attracted significant investments from major countries. The computer software and hardware sector in India attracted cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows worth US$ 21.02 billion between April 2000 and March 2016, according to data released by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
Indian start-ups are estimated to have raised US$ 1.4 billion across 307 deals in quarter ending March 2016.
Most large technology companies looking to expand have so far focused primarily on bigger enterprises, but a report from market research firm Zinnov highlighted that the small and medium businesses will present a lucrative opportunity worth US$ 11.6 billion in 2015, which is expected to grow to US$ 25.8 billion in 2020. Moreover, India has nearly 51 million such businesses of which 12 million have a high degree of technology influence and are looking to adopt newer IT products, as per the report.
Some of the major developments in the Indian IT and ITeS sector are as follows:
Xpressbees, an e-commerce logistics firm operated by Busybees Logistics Solutions Private Limited, has raised US$ 12.5 million in a Series A funding, led by its existing investors SAIF Partners, IDG Ventures, Vertex Ventures and Valiant Capital, which will be used to strengthen technology initiatives and processes of the firm.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the government to promote IT and ITeS sector in India are as follows:
India is the topmost offshoring destination for IT companies across the world. Having proven its capabilities in delivering both on-shore and off-shore services to global clients, emerging technologies now offer an entire new gamut of opportunities for top IT firms in India. Social, Mobility, Analytics and Cloud (SMAC) are collectively expected to offer a US$ 1 trillion opportunity. Cloud represents the largest opportunity under SMAC, increasing at a CAGR of approximately 30 per cent to around US$ 650-700 billion by 2020. The social media is the second most lucrative segment for IT firms, offering a US$ 250 billion market opportunity by 2020. The Indian e-commerce segment is US$ 12 billion in size and is witnessing strong growth and thereby offers another attractive avenue for IT companies to develop products and services to cater to the high growth consumer segment.
Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0149 as on September 29, 2016
References: Media Reports, Press Information Bureau (PIB), Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) statistics, Department of Information and Technology
Notes: # - As per National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), ## - as per a report by NASSCOM and Zinnov Management Consulting Pvt Ltd titled "Start-up India - Momentous Rise of the Indian Start-up Ecosystem", ### - According to a report by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG) and Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), ^ - as per a report by Gartner Inc, ^^ - As per IT industry body National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), ^^^ - as per a report by the Confederation of Indian Industry and Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP, @ - as per a study by Assocham-PricewaterhouseCoopers, @@ - as per research firm McKinsey
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.
Last Updated: October 25, 2016
CEO, Cisco Systems
India has the fastest internet traffic growth globally and is expected to have 348 million users by 2017, up from 138 million in 2012.
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