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Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Karnataka

Last updated on May, 17 2021

Economic Snapshot
Economic Snapshot


Karnataka is in the southern region of India. It is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Goa on the northwest, Maharashtra on the north, Andhra Pradesh on the east, Tamil Nadu on the southeast, and Kerala on the southwest.

At current prices, Karnataka’s gross state domestic product (GSDP) stood at Rs. 16.65 trillion (US$ 225.99 billion) in 2020-21. The state’s GSDP increased at a CAGR of 9.76% between 2015-16 and 2020-21. The state’s per capita GSDP was Rs. 249,947 (US$ 3,392) in 2020-21. The per capita GSDP (in Rs.) increased at a CAGR of 8.95% between 2015-16 and 2020-21. Merchandise exports from the state reached US$ 16.64 billion in 2019-20 and US$ 13.20 billion in 2020-21.

Karnataka has vibrant automobile, agro, aerospace, textile and garment, biotech, and heavy engineering industries. The state has sector specific special economic zone (SEZs) for key industries such as IT, biotechnology, and engineering, food processing and aerospace.

Karnataka is the IT hub of India and home to the fourth largest technology cluster in the world. It has 23 operational IT/ ITeS SEZs, five software technology parks and dedicated IT investment regions. Karnataka boasts of a diverse flora and fauna and a 320 km natural coastline, which makes it a nature tourist's paradise.


Karnataka boasts of a diverse flora and fauna and a 320 kms natural coastline, which makes it a nature tourist's paradise. Tourist arrivals in the state increased from 214.85 million in 2018 to 228.54 million in 2019.

Karnataka offers a wide range of fiscal and policy incentives for businesses under the Karnataka Industrial Policy, 2014 19. Through the ESDM Policy 2017-22, the Government of Karnataka plans to facilitate, promote and develop the ESDM sector in Karnataka and make the state a preferred destination for investment in this sector. In September 2017, the Government of Karnataka passed the ‘Karnataka Electric Vehicle and Energy Storage Policy 2017’. Electric Vehicles manufacturing in Karnataka is expected to attract investment worth US$ 4.82 billion and create 55,000 jobs.


The state attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflow worth US$ 10.66 billion between October 2019 and December 2020 according to the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).


Key Sectors:

  • In December 2019, the New South Parallel Runway (NSPR) at Kempegowda International Airport became operational. This will enable the airport to handle around 35 million passengers per year. The airport became the first in country to operate independent parallel runways, enabling aircraft to land and take off simultaneously on both runways.
  • As of February 2020, the state has 32 operational, 52 notified SEZs and 63 formally approved SEZs. The Karnataka Industrial Areas Development Board has developed 141 industrial areas spread across the state. The state plans to develop and upgrade eight clusters around Bengaluru with an investment of US$ 348.4 million in coming years.
  • As of February 2021, the state had an installed power generation capacity of 30,056.48 MW. Of this, central utilities contributed 4,047.70 MW, private utilities (17,208.30 MW) and state utilities (8,800.49 MW).
  • Karnataka has emerged as the information technology (IT) hub of India. The state is India’s largest software exporter, with electronics and computer software export reaching US$ 77.9 billion in 2018 19 and US$ 42.5 million during 2019 20 (until November 2020).
  • Karnataka is the first state which came out with an aerospace policy in the country. Karnataka Aerospace Policy has identified an investment potential of US$ 12.5 billion in this sector during 2013-23 and plans to develop aerospace clusters in different regions of the state.
karnataka State Presentation

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