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About Uttar Pradesh: Tourism, Agriculture, Industries, Economy & Geography

Last updated on Jun, 26 2020

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Lucknow
  • Geographical Area (sq km):240,928
  • State Language:Hindi, English and Urdu
  • Literacy Rate:67.68 per cent
  • Key Industries:Information technology, agro processing, tourism, mineral-based industries, textiles, handloom and handicrafts, food processing and sports goods.

UTTAR PRADESH State Report | June, 2020

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of nearly 200 million people. Uttar Pradesh shares its borders with Nepal on the north, the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the northwest, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan on the west, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand on the southeast, and Bihar on the east.

The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Uttar Pradesh grew at a CAGR of around 7.49 per cent between 2015-16 and 2020-21 to reach Rs 17.91 trillion (US$ 256.30 billion). The Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) grew at a CAGR of around 9.02 per cent between 2015-16 and 2018-19 to reach Rs 13.76 trillion (US$ 190.66 billion).

Uttar Pradesh is a favored tourist destination in India with Taj Mahal, one of the eight Wonders of the World, located in Agra. In 2019, domestic tourist arrivals in the state reached 535.8 million. Foreign tourist arrivals crossed over 4.74 million.

As of March 2020, Uttar Pradesh had an installed power generation capacity of 26,161.50 megawatt (MW) (comprising 6,218.20 MW under state utilities, 12,837.34 MW under private utilities and 7105.96 MW under central utilities). Energy requirement in the state was 107,109 million units (MU) between 2019-20.

Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of food grains in India and accounted for about 17.83 per cent share in the country’s total food grain output in 2016-17. Food grain production in the state stood at 49,903.1 thousand tonnes in 2016-17 and 51,252.7 thousand tonnes in 2017-18. Major food grains produced in the state include rice, wheat, maize, millet (bajra), gram, pea and lentils.

Pulses production in the state stood at 2,208.0 thousand tonnes in 2017-18. The state remains the largest producer of vegetables in India and produced 1,002.64 thousand MT of vegetables in 2018-19^.

As of February 2020, Uttar Pradesh had 20 notified, 13 operational Special Economic Zone (SEZs) and 23 formally, approved SEZs. The state offers a wide range of subsidies, policy and fiscal incentives as well as assistance for businesses under the Industrial and Service Sector Investment Policy, 2004 and Infrastructure and Industrial Investment Policy, 2012. The state has well-drafted, sector-specific policies for IT and biotechnology. The new Uttar Pradesh Civil Aviation Promotion Policy 2017 was brought to promote investment and trade in Uttar Pradesh and to promote tourism while increased road connectivity along with air connectivity will create more employment avenues.

The state attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflow worth US$ 942 million between April 2000 and March 2020 according to the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). In 2019, 147 investment intentions worth Rs 16,799 crore (US$ 2.40 billion) were filed in Uttar Pradesh.

Merchandise export from Uttar Pradesh reached US$ 16.29 billion in 2018-19 and US$ 12.80 billion in April-December 2019.

Key Sectors:

  • In February 2020, the state organised Defence Expo-2020 and received proposals worth Rs 5 lakh crore (US$ 70.93 billion) for investment. Investments were focused on key sectors such as IT & ITeS, Dairy, Electronics, Tourism, Manufacturing, Renewable Energy, and Agro and Food Processing.
  • In December 2019, Zurich Airport International got the approval from the state cabinet to develop and construct Jewar Aiport.
  • In 2018-19, export of major agriculture commodities from Uttar Pradesh stood at US$ 2.52 billion. It reached US$ 1.77 billion during April-December 2019.
  • Uttar Pradesh accounts for strong demand for fertilisers on account of the high availability of acreage coupled with the large size of the state.

Note: ^ - As per 3rd Advance Estimates, 1Provisional

Factfile

  • Capital:Lucknow
  • Geographical Area (sq km):240,928
  • State Language:Hindi, English and Urdu
  • Literacy Rate:67.68 per cent
  • Key Industries:Information technology, agro processing, tourism, mineral-based industries, textiles, handloom and handicrafts, food processing and sports goods.