Trade Analytics

About Uttar Pradesh: Tourism, Agriculture, Industries, Economy & Geography

Latest update: April, 2018

Economic Snapshot
Economic Snapshot

 

Factfile

  • Capital:Lucknow
  • Geographical Area (sq km):240,928
  • State Language:Hindi, English and Urdu
  • Literacy Rate:67.68 per cent
  • Key Industries:Information technology, agro processing, tourism, mineral-based industries, textiles, handloom and handicrafts, food processing and sports goods.

Last Updated: April, 2018

UTTAR PRADESH State Report | April, 2018

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of ~200 million people. Uttar Pradesh shares its borders with Nepal on the north, the Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh towards the northwest, Haryana, Delhi and Rajasthan on the west, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand to the southeast and Bihar in the east.

Uttar Pradesh is a favoured tourist destination in India due to the location of Taj Mahal, one of the Eight Wonders of the World, in Agra. In 2016, 3.156 million foreign tourists visited the state of Uttar Pradesh and are expected to cross 2.8 million by 2017. Under the state budget 2017-18, US$ 382.7 million was allocated to the state tourism department.

Uttar Pradesh is the largest producer of food grains in India and accounted for about 17.83 per cent share in the country’s total food grain output in 2016-17. Food grain production in the state in 2016-17 stood at 49,144.6 thousand tonnes. Major food grains produced in the state include rice, wheat, maize, millet (bajra), gram, pea and lentils. With overall vegetable production of 26.40 million tonnes in 2016-17, the state of Uttar Pradesh was the largest producer of vegetables in India.

As of 2016-17, Uttar Pradesh is recognised as a major milk-producing state in the country, accounting for around 16.83 per cent share in the total milk produced in the country. During 2016-17, the state’s milk production was around 27.6 million tonnes, growing at a CAGR of 4.32 per cent from 2003-04 to 2016-17. As of December 2017, Uttar Pradesh had a total installed power generation capacity of 24,434 megawatt (MW).

Owing to the state’s large base of skilled labourers, it has emerged as a key hub for IT and ITeS industries, including software, captive business process outsourcing (BPO) and electronics. The state has become a hub for the semiconductor industry with several major players having their offices and R&D centres in Noida. Uttar Pradesh ranks 10th among Indian states in rankings based on ease of doing business and 5th in complying with labour regulations, according to a study by The World Bank and KPMG.

The state offers a wide range of subsidies, policy and fiscal incentives as well as assistance for businesses under the Industrial and Service Sector Investment Policy, 2004 and Infrastructure & Industrial Investment Policy, 2012. The state has well-drafted, sector-specific policies for IT and biotechnology. The new Uttar Pradesh Civil Aviation Promotion Policy 2017 has been brought to promote investments and trade in Uttar Pradesh and will also promote tourism while increased road connectivity along with air connectivity will create more employment avenues. In the 2017-18 Budget, the state government has allocated US$ 382.7 million to the state tourism department.

The state has attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflows worth US$ 652 million during the period April 2000 to September 2017, according to data released by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

Key Sectors:

  • The major factor driving the growth in the manufacturing sector is the availability of robust infrastructure, extensive road network, large pool of talent, and various investments and incentives offered by the state government.
  • The state government allocated an amount of US$ 44.7 million for the development of 4 metro rail projects under the state budget 2017-18.
  • Uttar Pradesh accounts for strong demand for fertilisers on account of the high availability of acreage coupled with the large size of the state.
  • Richness in the availability of raw material is an important factor for setting up cement plants. As per December 2016, there were 13 cement plants in the state.

Factfile

  • Capital:Lucknow
  • Geographical Area (sq km):240,928
  • State Language:Hindi, English and Urdu
  • Literacy Rate:67.68 per cent
  • Key Industries:Information technology, agro processing, tourism, mineral-based industries, textiles, handloom and handicrafts, food processing and sports goods.