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Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Uttar Pradesh

Last updated on Jun, 26 2020

Economic Snapshot
Per capita Income


Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India, with a large pool of skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled labour. Alternately, the population is also looked upon as the largest consumer base in the country with around 200 million people. It is the largest producer of food grains among all states in India and accounted for about 17.83 per cent share in the country’s total food grain output in 2016-17. Food grain production in the state in 2017-18 stood at 51,252.7 thousand tonnes and 18,416.3 thousand tonnes in 2018-19. Pulses production in the state stood at 2,208.0 thousand tonnes in 2017-18 (4th Advance estimates) and 660.7 thousand tonnes under kharif season in 2018-19 (1st Advance Estimates).

Production of Vegetables stood 1002.64 thousand MT in 2018-19. The state has become a hub for the semiconductor industry with several major players having their offices and research and development (R&D) centres in Noida.

Between 2011-12 and 2020-21, Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) expanded at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10.59 per cent to Rs 17.91 trillion (US$ 256.30 billion).

As of February 2020, Uttar Pradesh had an installed power generation capacity of 26,161.50 MW (comprising 6,218.20 MW under state utilities, 12,837.34 MW under private utilities & 7105.96 under central utilities). Energy requirement in the state was 107,109 million units (MU) between Apr-Jan 2019-20.

The state’s resources, policy incentives, infrastructure and climate are best suited for investments in diverse sectors such as Information Technology (IT), agro-based and food processing, light engineering goods, sports goods, textiles, leather-based, tourism and biotechnology.

The state has a well-developed social, physical and industrial infrastructure. It also has good connectivity through 48 national highways, six airports and rail links to all major cities. The state has witnessed a high rate of infrastructure growth in the recent past. There has been a considerable rise in the number of industrial clusters/hubs and Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) projects in the infrastructure domain.

The Uttar Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation (UPSIDC) and the Department of Infrastructure and Industrial Development are responsible for the development of industrial infrastructure in the state.

The state has a robust industrial infrastructure, including 15 industrial areas, 12 specialised parks, four growth centres and industrial infrastructure development centres (IIDC). As of February 2020, Uttar Pradesh had 20 notified, 13 operational SEZs and 23 formally, approved SEZs. Merchandise exports from Uttar Pradesh reached US$ 16.29 billion in 2018-19 and US$ 12.82 billion in April-December 2019.

In 2018, domestic tourist arrivals in the state were 285 million and stood second. Foreign tourist arrivals had crossed over 3.78 million and rank third.

According to the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), cumulative FDI inflows1 in Uttar Pradesh, during April 2000 to September 2019, amounted to US$ 699 million.

In 2019, 147 investment intentions worth Rs 16,799 crore (US$ 4,404 billion) were filed in Uttar Pradesh.

Some of the major initiatives taken by the government to promote Uttar Pradesh as an investment destination are:

  • In December 2019, Zurich Airport International got the approval from state cabinet to develop and construct the Jewar Aiport.
  • In 2019, the state recorded the fastest construction of houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna with 14.26 lakh houses constructed from 2016-17 to 2019-20.
  • As per state budget 2019-20, amount of Rs 2,000 crore (US$ 286.16 million) has been allocated for ‘Smart City Mission’.
  • As per Investor Summit 2018, Uttar Pradesh government will majorly focus on key sectors such as:
    • IT and ITeS
    • Dairy
    • Electronics
    • Tourism
    • Manufacturing
    • Renewable Energy
    • Agro & Food Processing
  • The state is in the process of implementing and testing the public–private partnership model in the power sector with an input-based franchisee system.
  • The state cabinet approved UP Defence and Aerospace Units and Employment Promotion Policy 2018, with an intention to generate 0.25 million jobs and expects an investment of Rs 50,000 crores (US$ 7.46 billion) over the next five years.
  • The state offers a wide range of subsidies, policy and fiscal incentives as well as assistance for businesses under the Industrial and Service Sector Investment Policy, 2004 and Infrastructure & Industrial Investment Policy, 2012.
  • The Uttar Pradesh Information Technology and Start-up Policy, 2016 is aimed at promoting Uttar Pradesh as a preferred and attractive location for investments for various IT/ITeS companies and for establishing IT Parks as well as IT cities for the development of IT Infrastructure in the state.
  • The state has proposed 40 IT/ITeS parks (apart from IT SEZs), two biotech zones and a knowledge park.

Note - 1Includes Uttaranchal

Uttar Pradesh State Presentation

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Uttar Pradesh Map

Uttar Pradesh