Last updated on Aug, 31 2021
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India with a population of nearly 200 million people.
The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Uttar Pradesh grew at a CAGR of around 8.43% between 2015-16 and 2020-21 to reach Rs. 17.06 trillion (US$ 234.96 billion). The Net State Domestic Product (NSDP) grew at a CAGR of around 8.42% between 2015-16 and 2020-21 to reach Rs. 15.12 trillion (US$ 208.34 billion).
Uttar Pradesh is recognised as a major milk-producing state in India. Milk production in the state stood at 30.5 million tonnes in 2018-19, accounting for 16.50% of the total milk production of the country. Per capita milk availability in the state stood at 359 grams per day in 2018-19.
As of April 2021, Uttar Pradesh had an installed power generation capacity of 28,001.95 MW—6,242.20 MW (state utilities), 13,562.74 MW (private utilities) and 8,197.01 MW (central utilities). Thermal power contributed 20,303.33 MW to the state’s total installed power generation capacity, followed by 3,424.03 MW (hydropower), 289.48 MW (nuclear power) and 3,985.11 MW (renewable power).
Energy requirement in the state was 107,109 million units (MU) between 2019-20.
The state’s resources, policy incentives, infrastructure and climate are best suited for investments in diverse sectors such as Information Technology (IT), agro-based and food processing, light engineering goods, sports goods, textiles, leather-based, tourism, and biotechnology.
The state has a well-developed social, physical, and industrial infrastructure. It also has good connectivity through 48 national highways, six airports and rail links to all major cities. The state has witnessed a high rate of infrastructure growth in the recent past. There has been a considerable rise in the number of industrial clusters/hubs and Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) projects in the infrastructure domain.
Merchandise exports from Uttar Pradesh reached US$ 16.99 billion in 2019-20 and US$ 12.93 billion in April 2020 to January 2021.
Uttar Pradesh is a favoured tourist destination in India with Taj Mahal, one of the eight Wonders of the World, located in Agra. In 2019, domestic tourist arrival in the state reached 535.8 million. Foreign tourist arrival crossed over 4.74 million.
The state attracted Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) equity inflow worth US$ 664.66 million between October 2019 and March 2021 according to the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT). In 2019, 147 investment intentions worth Rs. 16,799 crore (US$ 2.40 billion) were filed in Uttar Pradesh.
Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government to promote Uttar Pradesh as an investment destination are:
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