Agricultural product is the 4th largest exported principal commodity with a share of 10 per cent of total exports of the country.

Indian Agriculture Industry Analysis

Latest update: September, 2016


GDP of agriculture and allied sectors in India has been growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.3 per cent.


Area Sown

Area sown during Rabi season in FY12.

Area Sown

Growth in Agriculture


  • GDP of agriculture and allied sectors in India was recorded at US$ 259.23 billion in FY15
  • According to the advanced estimates of Central Statistical Organisation, agriculture and allied sector recorded a growth of 8.3 per cent in FY15
  • Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for about 58 per cent of India’s population


Last Updated: October, 2016

At 157.35 million hectares, India holds the second largest agricultural land in the world. With 20 agri-climatic regions, all 15 major climates in the world exist in India. India is the largest producer of spices, pulses, milk, tea, cashew and jute; and the second largest producer of wheat, rice, fruits and vegetables, sugarcane, cotton and oilseeds. Further, India is 2nd in global production of fruits and vegetables, and is the largest producer of mango and banana. It also has the highest productivity of grapes in the world. 

Total food grains production in India reached an all-time high of 251.12 million tonnes (MT) in FY15 (as per 3rd Advance Estimates). Rice and wheat production in the country stood at 102.54 MT and 90.78 MT, respectively. India is among the 15 leading exporters of agricultural products in the world. 

The Government of India has introduced several projects to assist the agriculture sector. They are Pradhanmantri Gram Sinchai Yojana: The scheme aims to irrigate the field of every farmer and improving water use efficiency to achieve the motto `Per Drop More Crop’. Overall the scheme ensures improved access to irrigation.

Paramparagat KrishiVikasYojana (PKVY): The scheme aims to motivate groups of farmers to take up organic farming. 

Government of India has released a new subsidy for the establishment of 988 Farm Machinery Banks during 2014-15 under Sub–Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation

Sectoral Presentation (October, 2016)

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India exported nearly 20 million tonnes of foodgrain in 2012-2013, becoming a major contributor to the world's food basket.

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