The Indian banking system consists of 12 public sector banks, 22 private sector banks, 44 foreign banks, 43 regional rural banks, 1,484 urban cooperative banks and 96,000 rural cooperative banks in addition to cooperative credit institutions. As of November 2020, the total number of ATMs in India increased to 209,282.
According to RBI, India’s foreign exchange reserves reached US$ 590.18 billion, as of February 5, 2021. According to RBI, bank credit and deposits stood at Rs. 106.40 trillion (US$ 1.45 trillion) and Rs. 146.24 trillion (US$ 2.00 trillion), respectively, as of January 15, 2021.
Credit to non-food industries stood at Rs. 105.53 trillion (US$ 1.44 trillion), as of January 15, 2021.
Asset of public sector banks stood at Rs. 107.83 lakh crore (US$ 1.52 trillion) in FY20.
Total assets across the banking sector (including public, private sector and foreign banks) increased to US$ 2.52 trillion in FY20.
Indian banks are increasingly focusing on adopting integrated approach to risk management. The NPAs (Non-Performing Assets) of commercial banks has recorded a recovery of Rs. 400,000 crore (US$ 57.23 billion) in FY19, which is highest in the last four years.
RBI has decided to set up Public Credit Registry (PCR), an extensive database of credit information, accessible to all stakeholders. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Ordinance, 2017 Bill has been passed and is expected to strengthen the banking sector. Total equity funding of microfinance sector grew 42% y-o-y to Rs. 14,206 crore (US$ 2.03 billion) in 2018-19.
As of January 27, 2021, the number of bank accounts opened under the Government’s flagship financial inclusion drive Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) reached 41.75 crore and deposits in Jan Dhan bank accounts stood at more than Rs. 1.37 lakh crore (US$ 18.89 billion).
Rising income is expected to enhance the need for banking services in rural areas, and therefore, drive the growth of the sector.
The digital payments revolution will trigger massive changes in the way credit is disbursed in India. Debit cards have radically replaced credit cards as the preferred payment mode in India after demonetisation. In January 2021, Unified Payments Interface (UPI) recorded 2.30 billion transactions worth Rs. 4.31 lakh crore (US$ 59.16 billion).
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