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Gems and Jewellery
The Government of India is aiming at US$ 80 billion of jewellery exports in the next five years, up from the present level of US$ 40 billion.

Gems and Jewellery Industry in India

    Last updated on Oct, 21 2020

Indian Gems and Jewellery Industry Report  (Size: 1.04 MB ) (September, 2020)

Introduction

 

The gems and jewellery sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, contributing around 7% to country’s GDP and 15% to India’s total merchandise export. It employs over 4.64 million people, which is expected to reach 8.23 million by 2022. One of the fastest growing sectors, it is extremely export oriented and labour intensive.

Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government declared gems and jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has undertaken various measures recently to promote investment and upgrade technology and skills to promote ‘Brand India’ in the international market.

India is deemed to be the hub of the global jewellery market because of its low costs and availability of high-skilled labour. India is the world’s largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing industry being well supported by Government policies. Moreover, India exports 75% of the world’s polished diamonds as per statistics from the Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC). India's Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing in a big way to the country's foreign exchange earnings (FEEs). Government has viewed this sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian Government presently allows 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the sector through the automatic route. The sector employs over 4.64 million employees, which is expected to touch 8.23 million by 2022.

Market size

India’s gems and jewellery sector is one of the largest in the world, contributing 29% to the global jewellery consumption. The sector is home to more than 300,000 gems and jewellery players. Its market size will grow by US$ 103.06 billion during 2019–2023.

India’s demand for gold reached 690.4 tonnes in 2019. India's gems and jewellery export stood at US$ 29.07 billion in FY20. In the same period, India exported cut and polished diamonds worth US$ 18.66 billion, thereby contributing 52.4% to the total gems and jewellery export.

India’s import of gems and jewellery stood at US$ 24.41 billion in FY20.

India is one of the largest exporters of gems and jewellery and the industry is considered to play a vital role in the Indian economy as it contributes a major chunk to country’s foreign reserves. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) will steer India’s gold demand going forward.

Investments/Developments

The gems and jewellery sector is witnessing changes in consumer preferences due to adoption of western lifestyle. Consumers are demanding new designs and varieties in jewellery, and branded jewellers have managed to fulfil their changing demands better than the unorganised players. Moreover, increase in per capita income has led to an increase in sales of jewellery as jewellery is a status symbol in India.

The cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in diamond and gold ornaments in the period April 2000 – March 2020 was US$ 1.17 billion according to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

Some of the key investments in this industry are listed below:

  • In April 2020, majority of the players in the Indian market like Malabar Gold, Tanishq, and Joyalukkas offered jewellery online for Akshay Tritiya.
  • Companies such as PC Jewellers, PNG Jewellers and Popley and Sons are planning to introduce a virtual-reality (VR) experience for their customers. The customer will have to wear a VR headset, through which they can select any jewellery, see it from different angles and zoom it to view intricate designs.

 

Government Initiatives

  • Indian Government made hallmarking mandatory for Gold Jewellery and Artefacts. A period of one year is provided for implementation i.e. till January 2021.
  • As per Union Budget 2019–20, the GST rate was reduced from 18% to 5% (*5% without Input Tax Credit (ITC)) for services by way of job work in relation to gems and jewellery, leather goods, textiles etc.
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has revised the standard on gold hallmarking in India from January 2018. The gold jewellery hallmark will now carry a BIS mark, purity in carat and fitness as well as the unit’s identification and the jeweller’s identification mark. The move is aimed at ensuring a quality check on gold jewellery.           
  • The Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) to build India’s largest jewellery park in at Ghansoli in Navi-Mumbai on 25 acres land with a capacity to have more than 5000 jewellery units of various sizes ranging from 500–10,000 square feet. The overall investment will be of Rs 13,500 crore (US$ 2.09 billion).
  • Gold Monetisation Scheme enables individuals, trusts and mutual funds to deposit gold with banks and earn interest on the same in return.

 

Road Ahead

In the coming years, growth in gems and jewellery sector would largely be contributed by the development of large retailers/brands. Established brands are guiding the organised market and are opening opportunities to grow. Increasing penetration of organised players provides variety in terms of products and designs. Online sales are expected to account for 1–2% of the fine jewellery segment by 2021–22. Also, the relaxation of restrictions of gold import is likely to provide a fillip to the industry. The improvement in availability along with the reintroduction of low-cost gold metal loans and likely stabilisation of gold prices at lower levels is expected to drive volume growth for jewellers over short to medium term. The demand for jewellery is expected to be significantly supported by the recent positive developments in the industry.

Note: Conversion rate used in April 2020, Rs 1 = US$ 0.013123

Note: P - Provisional

References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Reserve Bank of India, Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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