Trade Analytics
Gems and Jewellery
The sector employs over 4.64 million employees and is expected to employ 8.23 million by 2022.

Gems and Jewellery Industry in India

Latest update: September, 2019

Growth

 

Last Updated: September, 2019

Indian Gems and Jewellery Industry Report  (Size: 1.3 MB ) (September, 2019)

Introduction

The Gems and Jewellery sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, contributing around 7 per cent of the country’s GDP and 15 per cent to India’s total merchandise exports. It also employs over 4.64 million workers and is expected to employ 8.23 million by 2022. One of the fastest growing sectors, it is extremely export oriented and labour intensive.

Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government of India has declared the Gems and Jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has recently undertaken various measures to promote investments and to upgrade technology and skills to promote ‘Brand India’ in the international market.

India is deemed to be the hub of the global jewellery market because of its low costs and availability of high-skilled labour. India is the world’s largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing industry being well supported by government policies. Moreover, India exports 75 per cent of the world’s polished diamonds, as per statistics from the Gems and Jewellery Export promotion Council (GJEPC). India's Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing in a big way to the country's foreign exchange earnings (FEEs). The Government of India has viewed the sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian government presently allows 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the sector through the automatic route.

Market size

Gold demand in India rose to 760.40 tonnes between January to December 2018. India's gems and jewellery exports stood at US$ 4.99 billion between Apr 2019 –May 2019*. During the same period, exports of cut and polished diamonds stood at US$ 3.52 billion, thereby contributing about 76.96 per cent of the total gems and jewellery exports in value terms.  Exports of gold coins and medallions stood at US$ 686.51 million and silver jewellery exports stood at US$ 765.98 million between April 2018 - March 2019 *.

The gems and jewellery market in India is home to more than 300,000 players, with the majority being small players. Its market size is about US$ 75 billion as of 2017 and is expected to reach US$ 100 billion by 2025. It contributes 29 per cent to the global jewellery consumption.

India is one of the largest exporters of gems and jewellery and the industry is considered to play a vital role in the Indian economy as it contributes a major chunk to the total foreign reserves of the country. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) and monsoon will steer India’s gold demand going forward.

Investments/Developments

The Gems and Jewellery sector is witnessing changes in consumer preferences due to adoption of western lifestyle. Consumers are demanding new designs and varieties in jewellery, and branded jewellers are able to fulfil their changing demands better than the local unorganised players. Moreover, increase in per capita income has led to an increase in sales of jewellery, as jewellery is a status symbol in India.

The cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in diamond and gold ornaments in the period April 2000 – March 2019 were US$ 1.16 billion, according to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

Some of the key investments in this industry are listed below.

  • Deals worth Rs 8,000 crore (US$ 1.19 billion) were made at the Indian International Jewellery Show held in August 2018.
  • Companies such as PC Jewellers, PNG Jewellers, Popley and Sons, are planning to introduce a virtual-reality (VR) experience for their customers. The customer will have to wear a VR headset, through which they can select any jewellery, see the jewellery from different angles and zoom on it to view intricate designs.

Government Initiatives

  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has revised the standard on gold hallmarking in India from January 2018. The gold jewellery hallmark will now carry a BIS mark, purity in carat and fitness as well as the unit’s identification and the jeweller’s identification mark. The move is aimed at ensuring a quality check on gold jewellery.           
  • The Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) to build India’s largest jewellery park in at Ghansoli in Navi-Mumbai on a 25 acres land with about more than 5000 jewellery units of various sizes ranging from 500-10,000 square feet. The overall investment of Rs 13,500 crore (US$ 2.09 billion).
  • Gold Monetisation Scheme enables individuals, trusts and mutual funds to deposit gold with banks and earn interest on the same in return.

Road Ahead

In the coming years, growth in Gems and Jewellery sector would be largely contributed by the development of large retailers/brands. Established brands are guiding the organised market and are opening opportunities to grow. Increasing penetration of organised players provides variety in terms of products and designs. Online sales are expected to account for 1-2 per cent of the fine jewellery segment by 2021-22. Also, the relaxation of restrictions of gold import is likely to provide a fillip to the industry. The improvement in availability along with the reintroduction of low cost gold metal loans and likely stabilisation of gold prices at lower levels is expected to drive volume growth for jewellers over short to medium term. The demand for jewellery is expected to be significantly supported by the recent positive developments in the industry.

Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0159 as of Q4 FY19.

Note: * - Provisional

References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Reserve Bank of India, Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

Gems and Jewellery

Gems and Jewellery India
 

Posters

Brand India Pharma

GEMS AND JEWELLERY MANUFACTURERS AND COMPANIES IN INDIA

+ More >

Brand India Pharma

IBEF Publications

IBEF Publication

Agri Export Policy - Towards smoother trade, wider global presence

English

+ More Publications >

IBEF Publication

IBEF Blog - INDIA ADDA – PERSPECTIVES ON INDIA More

author_logo-ibef1.jpg Indian Tourism Industry: An Insight
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

During the celebration of 73rd Independence Day, Prime Minister Mr Narendra Modi addressed the nation from the Red Fort and underlined that India ‘has mu...

author_alok_kirloskar1.jpg From smart water pumps to drones: Technology is changing Indian farms!
Alok Kirloskar, Executive Director, Kirloskar Brothers Limited

Disruptive technologies and innovations in application engineering are fast changing farming practices in India. From preparing the land to sowing, to reaping and mentori...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg Mobile Phone Manufacturing in India: Towards A Brighter Future!
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

India is the world’s second largest mobile phone manufacturer after China. And with the current pace of growth, India is not far from becoming the leading handset m...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg Solar energy generation in India: Lighting lives!
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

The generation of power from solely renewable sources like solar energy is a prime focus of India’s energy planning. Started in the early 1970s, the process of crea...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg Digital payment industry in India
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

From being primarily a cash-obsessed economy, India’s digital payment story is new but exciting. Driven by progressive regulatory policies and increased use of mobi...

author_logo-ibef1.jpg The Indian Hotel Industry, Sunshine Ahead
IBEF, Knowledge Centre

Ever expanding domestic tourism, increasing foreign tourist arrivals, forex earnings growth, high airline passenger numbers and muted supply growth has put the Indian hot...

ideas More

Ideas

Zomato: Top Of The Food Chain
Zomato, an Indian start-up is in the business of online food ordering. It initially launched Foodiebay.com in Gurugram in 2008, a website that scanned menus and provided ratings and recommendations on....

JOIN IBEF.org

Join IBEF.org now. Enjoy FREE subscriptions downloads, updates and more.

Error

Already a member?
Login / Retrieve Password