Gems and Jewellery
India exported 75 per cent of the world’s polished diamonds in 2017.

Gems and Jewellery Industry in India

Latest update: June, 2018

  • UAE, US, Russia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Latin America and China are the biggest importers of Indian jewellery.
  • Net exports of gems and jewellery from India rose at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.06 per cent between FY05 and FY17.
  • The net exports rose from US$ 15.66 billion in FY2004-05 to US$ 35.51 billion in FY 2016-17
  • US, Hong Kong and UAE accounted for 75 per cent of the total gems and jewellery exports from India during FY 2016-17.
  • The exports stood at US$ 30.67 billion between April 2017-February 2018.
  • Exports of gold coins and medallions stood at US$ 1,899.82 million and silver jewellery export stood at US$ 3,332.95 million during April 2017-February 2018.
Growth

Notes: * - Data from April-February 2018, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate till FY 2017
Source: GJEPC, Media sources

  • India’s exports 93 per cent of its cut and polished diamonds produced.
  • India exports 75 per cent of the world’s polished diamonds.
  • India’s exports of cut and polished diamonds rose from US$ 11.16 billion in FY2004-05 to US$ 22.78 billion in FY 2016-17, thereby registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.13 per cent.
  • India exported US$ 21.71 billion worth of cut and polished diamonds between April 2017-February 2018.
  • An international diamond exchange will be set up in Surat in the next 36 months at a cost of Rs 2,400 crore (US$ 369.1 million). This will enable the fragmented and unorganised diamond polishing and trading industry to organise itself at one place.
  • The Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX), backed by the Anil Ambani Group has launched the first ever futures contract for diamonds in the world, to create many new opportunities for diamond players.
Growth

Notes: * - Data from April-February 2018, CAGR – Compound Annual Growth Rate till FY 2017
Source: GJEPC

Last Updated: July, 2018

Introduction

The Gems and Jewellery sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, contributing around 7 per cent of the country’s GDP and 15.71 per cent to India’s total merchandise exports. It also employs over 4.64 million workers. One of the fastest growing sectors, it is extremely export oriented and labour intensive.

Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government of India has declared the Gems and Jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has recently undertaken various measures to promote investments and to upgrade technology and skills to promote ‘Brand India’ in the international market.

India is deemed to be the hub of the global jewellery market because of its low costs and availability of high-skilled labour. India is the world’s largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing industry being well supported by government policies. Moreover, India exports 75 per cent of the world’s polished diamonds, as per statistics from the Gems and Jewellery Export promotion Council (GJEPC). India's Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing in a big way to the country's foreign exchange earnings (FEEs). The Government of India has viewed the sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian government presently allows 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the sector through the automatic route.

Market size

Gold demand in India rose to 737.5 tonnes between 2017. India's gems and jewellery exports stood at US$ 32.71 billion in FY2018. During the same period, exports of cut and polished diamonds stood at US$ 23.73 billion, thereby contributing about 72.55 per cent of the total gems and jewellery exports in value terms. Exports of gold coins and medallions stood at US$ 1,917.09 million and silver jewellery export stood at US$ 3,385.65 million during FY2018.

The gems and jewellery market in India is home to more than 300,000 players, with the majority being small players. Its market size is about US$ 75 billion as of 2017 and is expected to reach US$ 100 billion by 2025. It contributes 29 per cent to the global jewellery consumption.

India is one of the largest exporters of gems and jewellery and the industry is considered to play a vital role in the Indian economy as it contributes a major chunk to the total foreign reserves of the country. UAE, US, Russia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Latin America and China are the biggest importers of Indian jewellery. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) and monsoon will steer India’s gold demand going forward.

Investments/Developments

The Gems and Jewellery sector is witnessing changes in consumer preferences due to adoption of western lifestyle. Consumers are demanding new designs and varieties in jewellery, and branded jewellers are able to fulfil their changing demands better than the local unorganised players. Moreover, increase in per capita income has led to an increase in sales of jewellery, as jewellery is a status symbol in India.

The cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in diamond and gold ornaments in the period April 2000 – December 2017 were US$ 1,111.52 million, according to Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

Some of the key investments in this industry are listed below.

  • An international diamond exchange will be set up in Surat by October 2020 at a cost of Rs 2,400 crore (US$ 372million).
  • Companies such as PC Jewellers, PNG Jewellers, Popley and Sons, are planning to introduce a virtual-reality (VR) experience for their customers. The customer will have to wear a VR headset, through which they can select any jewellery, see the jewellery from different angles and zoom on it to view intricate designs.

Government Initiatives

  • The Government of India would notify a new limit for reporting about transactions in gold and other precious metals and stones to authorities, to avoid the parking of black money in bullion.
  • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has revised the standard on gold hallmarking in India from January 2018. The gold jewellery hallmark will now carry a BIS mark, purity in carat and fitness as well as the unit’s identification and the jeweller’s identification mark. The move is aimed at ensuring a quality check on gold jewellery.
  • The Government of India has planned to set up a Common Facility Center (CFC) at Thrissur, Kerala.
  • The Gems and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) to build India’s largest jewellery park in at Ghansoli in Navi-Mumbai on a 25 acres land with about more than 5000 jewellery units of various sizes ranging from 500-10,000 square feet. The overall investment of Rs 13,500 crore (US$ 2.09 billion).

Road Ahead

In the coming years, growth in Gems and Jewellery sector would be largely contributed by the development of large retailers/brands. Established brands are guiding the organised market and are opening opportunities to grow. Increasing penetration of organised players provides variety in terms of products and designs. Online sales are expected to account for 1-2 per cent of the fine jewellery segment by 2021-22. Also, the relaxation of restrictions of gold import is likely to provide a fillip to the industry. The improvement in availability along with the reintroduction of low cost gold metal loans and likely stabilisation of gold prices at lower levels is expected to drive volume growth for jewellers over short to medium term. The demand for jewellery is expected to be significantly supported by the recent positive developments in the industry.

Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.016 as of FY2018.

References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Reserve Bank of India, Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council, Union Budget 2017-18

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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