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Last Updated: February 10, 2017
MD, International Gemological Institute-India
Latest update: February, 2017
Last Updated: February, 2017
The Gems and Jewellery sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, contributing around 6-7 per cent of the country’s GDP. One of the fastest growing sectors, it is extremely export oriented and labour intensive.
Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government of India has declared the Gems and Jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has recently undertaken various measures to promote investments and to upgrade technology and skills to promote ‘Brand India’ in the international market.
India is deemed to be the hub of the global jewellery market because of its low costs and availability of high-skilled labour. India is the world’s largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing industry being well supported by government policies. Moreover, India exports 95 per cent of the world’s diamonds, as per statistics from the Gems and Jewellery Export promotion Council (GJEPC). India's Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing in a big way to the country's foreign exchange earnings (FEEs). The Government of India has viewed the sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian government presently allows 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the sector through the automatic route.
The gems and jewellery market in India is home to more than 500,000 players, with the majority being small players.
India is one of the largest exporters of gems and jewellery and the industry is considered to play a vital role in the Indian economy as it contributes a major chunk to the total foreign reserves of the country. UAE, US, Russia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Latin America and China are the biggest importers of Indian jewellery. India’s gems and jewellery exports to the US rose 7.81 per cent year-on-year during October-December 2016 due to a revival in the overall economic activity in the US.
The overall net exports of Gems & Jewellery during April-December 2016 stood at Rs 175,879.24 crore (US$ 26.28 billion), whereas exports of cut and polished diamonds stood at Rs 113,171.17 crore (US$ 16.91 billion). Exports of gold coins and medallions stood at Rs 25,819.48 crore (US$ 3.86 billion) and silver jewellery export stood at Rs 18,010.72 crore (US$ 2.69 billion) during April-December 2016. According to GJEPC, gems and jewellery exports are likely to witness a growth of about 10 per cent this fiscal due to increasing demand in the US and Europe.
According to a report by Research and Markets, the jewellery market in India is expected to grow at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 15.95 per cent over the period 2014-2019.
The Gems and Jewellery sector is witnessing changes in consumer preferences due to adoption of western lifestyle. Consumers are demanding new designs and varieties in jewellery, and branded jewellers are able to fulfil their changing demands better than the local unorganised players. Moreover, increase in per capita income has led to an increase in sales of jewellery, as jewellery is a status symbol in India.
The cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in diamond and gold ornaments in the period April 2000-September 2016 were US$ 851.34 million, according to Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
Some of the key investments in this industry are listed below.
In the coming years, growth in Gems and Jewellery sector would be largely contributed by the development of large retailers/brands. Established brands are guiding the organised market and are opening opportunities to grow. Increasing penetration of organised players provides variety in terms of products and designs. Also, the relaxation of restrictions of gold import is likely to provide a fillip to the industry. The improvement in availability along with the reintroduction of low cost gold metal loans and likely stabilisation of gold prices at lower levels is expected to drive volume growth for jewellers over short to medium term. The demand for jewellery is expected to be significantly supported by the recent positive developments in the industry.
Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.015 as on February 9, 2017
References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Reserve Bank of India, Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council, Union Budget 2017-18
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.
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