The gems and jewellery sector plays a significant role in the Indian economy, contributing around 7% to country’s GDP and 15% to India’s total merchandise export. It employs over 4.64 million people, which is expected to reach 8.23 million by 2022. One of the fastest growing sectors, it is extremely export oriented and labour intensive.
Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government declared gems and jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has undertaken various measures recently to promote investment and upgrade technology and skills to promote ‘Brand India’ in the international market.
India is deemed to be the hub of the global jewellery market because of its low costs and availability of high-skilled labour. India is the world’s largest cutting and polishing centre for diamonds, with the cutting and polishing industry being well supported by Government policies. Moreover, India exports 75% of the world’s polished diamonds as per statistics from the Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council (GJEPC). India's Gems and Jewellery sector has been contributing in a big way to the country's foreign exchange earnings (FEEs). Government has viewed this sector as a thrust area for export promotion. The Indian Government presently allows 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the sector through the automatic route. The sector employs over 4.64 million employees, which is expected to touch 8.23 million by 2022.
India’s gems and jewellery sector is one of the largest in the world, contributing 29% to the global jewellery consumption. The sector is home to more than 300,000 gems and jewellery players. Its market size will grow by US$ 103.06 billion during 2019–2023.
India’s demand for gold reached 690.4 tonnes in 2019. India's gems and jewellery export stood at US$ 29.07 billion in FY20. In the same period, India exported cut and polished diamonds worth US$ 18.66 billion, thereby contributing 52.4% to the total gems and jewellery export.
India’s import of gems and jewellery stood at US$ 24.41 billion in FY20.
India is one of the largest exporters of gems and jewellery and the industry is considered to play a vital role in the Indian economy as it contributes a major chunk to country’s foreign reserves. The Goods and Services Tax (GST) will steer India’s gold demand going forward.
The gems and jewellery sector is witnessing changes in consumer preferences due to adoption of western lifestyle. Consumers are demanding new designs and varieties in jewellery, and branded jewellers have managed to fulfil their changing demands better than the unorganised players. Moreover, increase in per capita income has led to an increase in sales of jewellery as jewellery is a status symbol in India.
The cumulative Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflow in diamond and gold ornaments in the period April 2000 – March 2020 was US$ 1.17 billion according to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).
Some of the key investments in this industry are listed below:
In the coming years, growth in gems and jewellery sector would largely be contributed by the development of large retailers/brands. Established brands are guiding the organised market and are opening opportunities to grow. Increasing penetration of organised players provides variety in terms of products and designs. Online sales are expected to account for 1–2% of the fine jewellery segment by 2021–22. Also, the relaxation of restrictions of gold import is likely to provide a fillip to the industry. The improvement in availability along with the reintroduction of low-cost gold metal loans and likely stabilisation of gold prices at lower levels is expected to drive volume growth for jewellers over short to medium term. The demand for jewellery is expected to be significantly supported by the recent positive developments in the industry.
Note: Conversion rate used in April 2020, Rs 1 = US$ 0.013123
Note: P - Provisional
References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Reserve Bank of India, Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council
Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.
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