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Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council has proposed a reduction in import duty on cut and polished diamonds to 2.5% from the existing 7.5% to double exports of gems & jewellery to US$ 70 billion by 2025.

Gems and Jewellery Industry in India

    Last updated on Nov, 19 2021

Indian Gems and Jewellery Industry Report  (Size: 1.07 MB ) (September, 2021)


As of February 2021, India’s gold and diamond trade contributed ~7.5% to India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 14% to India’s total merchandise exports. The gem and jewellery sector is likely to employ ~8.23 million persons by 2022, from ~5 million in 2020.

Based on its potential for growth and value addition, the Government declared gems and jewellery sector as a focus area for export promotion. The Government has undertaken various measures recently to promote investment and upgrade technology and skills to promote ‘Brand India’ in the international market.

The Government has permitted 100% FDI in the sector under the automatic route, wherein the foreign investor or the Indian company do not require any prior approval from the Reserve Bank or Government of India.

Market size

In FY21, exports of gems & jewellery stood at US$ 25.30 billion. In March 2021, exports of gems & jewellery stood at US$ 3.42 billion.

In September 2020, the US was the largest country (at 44%) to import gems and jewellery (US$ 938.54 million) from India, followed by Hong Kong (~33%) and the UAE (~13%).

In FY21, imports of gems & jewellery stood at US$ 16.49 billion. Imports of gold jewellery recorded US$ 262.25 million from April 2020 to February 2021. 

The Government of India is aiming at US$ 70 billion in jewellery export in the next five years (until 2025), up from US$ 35 billion in 2020. In FY21, gems & jewellery exports in India stood at US$ 25.30 billion.

In FY22 (until August), India exported gems & jewellery worth US$ 15.85 billion compared with US$ 5.57 billion in FY21 (until August).

In August 2021, India exported gems & jewellery worth US$ 3.28 billion compared with US$ 1.69 billion in August 2020.

In August 2021, the GJEPC announced an ambitious target of raising exports of the sector to US$ 44 billion in FY22.

Growth in exports is mainly due to revived import demand in the export market of the US and fulfilment of orders received by numerous Indian exhibitors during the Virtual Buyer-Seller Meets (VBSMs) conducted by GJEPC. In August 2021, the GJEPC announced an ambitious target of raising exports of the sector to US$ 44 billion in FY22.


Cumulative FDI inflows in diamond and gold ornaments in India stood at US$ 1,194.00 million between April 2000 and June 2021 according to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

Some of the key developments in this industry are listed below:

  • In September 2021, Malabar Group invested Rs. 750 crore (US$ 100 million) in a gold refinery and jewellery unit in Hyderabad.
  • In May 2021, GJEPC and Embassy of India, Morocco, co-hosted the ‘India Global Connect’ to better understand the present business climate in the gems and jewellery sector and seek trade prospects for manufacturers, exporters and importers from both countries.
  • On July 20, 2021, the GJEPC held the 4th edition of ‘The Artisan Awards,' India's premier jewellery design competition, at the Four Seasons Hotel in Mumbai. The competition's theme, ‘Reinventing Vintage’, featured three different eras of jewellery from various cultures: Indian heritage was celebrated through the sub-theme temple jewellery; Japanesque was a nod to Asian inspiration and Victorian was a nod to colonial history to create timeless yet modern silhouettes. National and international participants from Japan, the US, Taiwan, Russia, Egypt, Abu Dhabi, and Australia submitted a total of 586 entries.
  • The GJEPC will organise its first International Gems and Jewellery Show (IGJS) outside the country, in Dubai, from August 14-16, 2021. It will also hold a five-day physical exhibition—India International Jewellery show (IIJS-2021)—in Bengaluru from September 15-19, 2021, in a first such event outside Mumbai. GJPEC sources said that >250 buyers have registered and >95 stalls have been booked for Dubai IGJS 2021. There will be 150 booths having products such as plain gold, gold-studded jewellery, diamond-studded jewellery, silver jewellery, loose diamonds and gemstones.
  • Since May 2020, GIA India Laboratory Private Limited (an independent subsidiary of the Gemological Institute of America, Inc., is the world's foremost authority in gemmology) has hosted >60 knowledge webinars to equip the gem and jewellery trade with the most up-to-date industry knowledge and advance its consumer protection mission. ~6,500 industry professionals from around the world attended these webinars.
    • Participants (manufacturers, wholesalers, traders, retailers and professionals) gained important information on gemmology topics such as ‘Navratna’, ‘Introduction to Laboratory-Grown Diamonds’, ‘April Birthstone: Diamond’, ‘September Birthstone: Sapphire’, ‘November Birthstones: Topaz & Citrine’ and ‘The Big 3 – Ruby, Sapphire and Emerald’. These diversified gemmological topics helped attendees gain valuable information to buy and sell gemstones with confidence.
    • In June 2021, Tanishq launched antimicrobial jewellery in certain markets as a pilot project. Currently, the range is available in stores across Chennai and Lucknow, with further launches planned in Kolkata and Hyderabad followed by other key markets. Antimicrobial jewellery is being offered in categories such as chains and rings, which feature special-coated layers that self-disinfect the surface and impede any further microbial growth.
  • In June 2021, the World Gold Council and Gem and Jewellery Export Promotion Council signed an agreement to promote gold jewellery in India. Under the agreement terms, both partners will jointly fund a multi-media marketing campaign that would aim to increase awareness, relevance and adoption of gold jewellery amongst Indian consumers, especially in millennials and Gen Z.
  • In April 2021, Malabar Gold & Diamonds announced to invest Rs. 1,600 crore (US$ 214 million) in FY22 to launch 56 stores, of which 40 would be in India and 16 across global markets. In India, stores will be opened in Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Delhi, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Kerala. In July 2021, the company announced hiring of >5,000 staff, across its retail operations, brand headquarters and regional offices in the country.
  • In March 2021, Joyalukkas collaborated with IBM Global Business Services to design, develop and deploy a new cloud-native e-commerce platform across 11 countries including India, the UAE, the US, the UK, Singapore, Malaysia, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Oman.
  • In February 2021, Reliance expanded its e-commerce arm, JioMart, to jewellery with silver coins of 5gm and10 gm, and gold coins of 1gm, 5gm and 10gm.
    • Reliance's in-house jewellery brand, Reliance Jewels, which has ~93 flagship showrooms and 110 shop-in-shops in 105 cities in the country, will fulfil the orders for the new segment.
  • In November 2020, Platinum Guild International (PGI) launched their new 'Men of Platinum’ collection for men in leading retail stores across India.
  • Jewellery players in India are re-evaluating the brick-and-mortar business model and planning to implement omni-channel approach with focus on digital strategy to boost sales.
  • According to the ‘Online Gold Market in India’ report by The World Gold Council, the online gold market in India, with relatively nascent at 1-2% (as of 2020), is witnessing a strong push from both digital players who view this market as an opportunity and large jewellers who view this market as a required addition to their brick-and-mortar model.
  • Maximum development was driven by MSEs in gems & jewellery and textiles. In November 2020, adoption of digital distribution platforms among manufacturers of gems and jewellery, manufacturing mostly non-precious, stone-studded jewellery, imitation jewellery and luxury fashion jewellery, more than quadrupled to 55% from 13% before the pandemic. The segment's micro enterprises recorded the highest boost of 41%, from the previous 13%.

Government Initiatives

  • In September 2021, Union Minister, Ms. Anupriya Patel, said that reforms such as the revamped gold monetisation scheme, reduction in import duty of gold, hallmarking and others would help the industry grow. The market export target is US$ 43.75 billion for 2021.
  • The government has reduced import duty for Gold & Silver (from 12.5% to 7.5%) and Platinum & Pallidum (from 12.5% to 10%) to bring down the prices of precious metals in the local market.
  • Indian Government made hallmarking mandatory for Gold Jewellery and Artefacts. A period of one year is provided for implementation i.e. till January 2021.
    • In December 2020, All India Gem and Jewellery Domestic Council (GJC) welcomed the decision to make hallmarking compulsory from June 2021 in a phased manner; urged the government to examine the key concerns of the industry for smooth implementation of the initiative.
    • Hallmarking of gold jewellery is set to begin from June 15, 2021. In view of the COVID-19 pandemic, the government accepted request of stakeholders to provide jewellers some more time to prepare for implementation and resolve issues. Earlier, the date of implementation was June 01, 2021.
  • In December 2020, the Finance Ministry notified that the amendment under Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA), notifying dealers in precious metals and stones, will maintain records of cash transactions worth Rs. 10 lakh (US$ 13.61 thousand) or more cumulatively with a single customer.

Road Ahead

In the coming years, growth in gems and jewellery sector would largely be contributed by the development of large retailers/brands. Established brands are guiding the organised market and are opening opportunities to grow. Increasing penetration of organised players provides variety in terms of products and designs. Online sales are expected to account for 1–2% of the fine jewellery segment by 2021–22. Also, the relaxation of restrictions of gold import is likely to provide a fillip to the industry. The improvement in availability along with the reintroduction of low-cost gold metal loans and likely stabilisation of gold prices at lower levels is expected to drive volume growth for jewellers over short to medium term. The demand for jewellery is expected to be significantly supported by the recent positive developments in the industry.

References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Reserve Bank of India, Gem & Jewellery Export Promotion Council

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.


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