Trade Analytics
Steel
India is expected to become the second-largest steel producer in the world by 2016.

Indian Steel Industry Analysis

Latest update: April, 2018

  • Infrastructure, oil and gas and automotives would drive the growth of the industry
  • Steel production in India is forecast to double by 2031, with growth rate expected to go above 10 per cent in FY18
  • To achieve steel capacity build-up of 300 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) by 2030, India would need to invest US$ 156.08 billion by 2030-31.
  • Ministry of Steel plans to set up Steel Research and Technology Mission in India to promote R&D activities in the sector
  • As of 2017, India is the world’s 3rd largest producer of crude steel (up from 8th in 2003). India’s steel production in 2017 stood at 101.4 MT.
  • National Steel Policy (NSP) implemented to encourage the industry to reach global benchmarks
Growth

Notes: MT - Million Tonnes, FDI – Foreign Direct Investment, P - Provisional
Source: Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Division Board, Aranca Research

  • In FY17, crude steel production in India was 97.42 MT, with the total crude steel production growing at a CAGR of 5.49 per cent over the last 6 years.
  • As of March 2017, the capacity utilisation of steel producers is set to increase with strong export demand and signs of revival in domestic sales. Companies like JSW and Essar Steel have experienced a sharp increase in steel manufacturing in the last 2 months
  • Steel manufacturing output of India is expected to increase to 128.6 MT by 2021, accelerating the country’s share of global steel production from 5.4 per cent in 2017 to 7.7 per cent by 2021.
  • India’s steel output is expected to grow at a CAGR of 8.9 per cent during 2017-21 and India is expected to become top global steel producer^.
Growth

Notes: FY - Indian Financial Year (April – March), MT - Million Tonnes, CAGR - Compound Annual Growth Rate; P – Provisional, 1April 2017 to February 2018 , 2CAGR is till FY17, Figures mentioned are as per latest data available, ^ As per BMI Research Report, *without deducting own consumption by producers
Source: Ministry of Steel Annual Report

Last Updated: April, 2018

India is the third-largest crude steel producer in the world. In FY17, India produced 111.254 million tonnes (MT) of finished steel. Total finished steel production in the country increased at a CAGR of 8.39 per cent over FY12-17. Crude Steel and Finished Steel production during April-February 2017-18 stood at 93.183 MT and 95.319 MT, respectively.

Steel consumption is expected to grow 5.7 per cent year-on-year to 92.1 MT in 2018. India’s steel production is expected to increase from 97.42 MT in FY17 to 128.6 MT by 2021. The Government of India has allowed 100 per cent foreign direct investment (FDI) in the steel sector under the automatic route. Nearly 301 MoUs have been signed with various states for planned capacity of about 486.7 MT.

India’s per capita consumption of steel grew at a CAGR of 4.75 per cent from 45 kgs in FY09 to 65.25 kgs in FY17. The figure stood at 68 kgs during April-February 2017-18. National Steel Policy 2017 seeks to increase per capita steel consumption to the level of 160 kgs.

Note: kg - kilograms

Sectoral Presentation (April, 2018)

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