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India's current steel producing capacity of is ~140 mtpa and the figure is anticipated to rise to 300 mtpa by 2030-31.

Indian Steel Industry Analysis

    Last updated on Sep, 9 2021

India was the world’s second-largest steel producer in 2019. India surpassed Japan to become the world’s second-largest steel producer in 2019, with crude steel production of 111.2 million tonnes (MT).

In FY21, the production of crude steel and finished steel stood a 102.49 MT and 94.66 MT, respectively. According to CARE Ratings, crude steel production is expected to reach 112-114 MT (million tonne), an increase of 8-9% YoY in FY22. The consumption of finished steel stood at 93.43 MT in FY21.

Steel companies are looking to restart expansion projects on the back of burgeoning steel processes with a capacity addition of 29 MT.  In April 2021, India’s finished steel consumption stood at 6.78 MT.

Export and import of finished steel stood at 8.42 MT and 6.69 MT, respectively, in FY20.

Exports and imports of finished steel stood at 10.79 MT and 4.75 MT, respectively, in FY21. In April 2021, India’s export rose by 121.6% YoY, compared with 2020. In FY20, India exported 8.24 MT of finished steel.

India’s per capita consumption of steel grew at a CAGR of 4.43% from 46 kgs in FY08 to 74.10 kgs in FY19.

Government has taken various steps to boost the sector including the introduction of National Steel Policy 2017 and allowing 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the steel sector under the automatic route. According to the data released by Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), between April 2000 and March 2021, Indian metallurgical industries attracted FDI inflow of US$ 14.74 billion.

The Government’s National Steel Policy 2017 aims to increase the per capita steel consumption to 160 kgs by 2030-31. The Government has also promoted policy which provides a minimum value addition of 15% in notified steel products covered under preferential procurement.

In 2019, the Government introduced Steel Scrap Recycling Policy with an aim to reduce import.

The industry is also benefitting from the developments happening across various industries. The new Vehicle Scrappage policy will help in reducing the steel prices since the policy enables recycling the materials used in old vehicles. In the healthcare front, major steel producers are now exceeding their production capacities to produce oxygen cylinders for COVID patients. In 2021, Indian Railways is planning to procure over 11 lakh tons of steel from Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) for the track renewal and laying new lines across the country.

In June 2021, Mr. T.V. Narendran, the newly elected CII president and MD of Tata Steel, in an interview with The Telegraph, stated that steel companies have firmed their plans to invest ~Rs. 60,000 crore (US$ 8.09 billion) over the next three years—this is was the biggest private sector investment plan announced in recent times.

In January 2021, the Ministry of Steel, Government of India, signed a Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) with the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Government of Japan, to boost the steel sector through joint activities under the framework of India–Japan Steel Dialogue.

Under the Union Budget 2021-22, the government allocated Rs. 39.25 crore (US$ 5.4 million) to the Ministry of Steel.

According to CARE Ratings, crude steel production is expected to reach 112-114 MT, an increase of 8-9% YoY, in FY22. This demand will be supported by economic recovery, government spending and enhanced liquidity. The Union Budget 2021-22 has a 34.5% YoY increase in allocation for capex at 5.54 lakh crore (US$ 74.60 billion). The budget’s focus is on creating infrastructure and manufacturing to propel the economy. In addition, enhanced outlays for key sectors such as defence services, railways, and roads, transport and highways would provide impetus to steel consumption.

Note: kg - kilograms

Indian Steel Industry Report (July, 2021)
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Click to access the Steel Industry Archived Report

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