Trade Analytics

Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Bihar

Latest update: July, 2019

Economic Snapshot
Economic Snapshot


July, 2019

Bihar is one of the fastest growing states in India. The Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Bihar grew at a CAGR of 11.99 per cent between 2011-12 and 2017-18. Bihar has witnessed strong growth in per capita net state domestic product (NSDP). At current prices, per capita NSDP of the state grew at a CAGR of 10.16 per cent during 2011-12 to 2017-18. Bihar is the fourth largest producer of vegetables and the eight largest producers of fruits in India. Bihar has high agricultural production making it one of the strongest sectors of the state. About 80 per cent of the state’s population is employed in agriculture, which is much higher as compared to India’s average. The state has a large base of cost-effective industrial labour, making it an ideal destination for a wide range of industries. The state enjoys a unique location specific advantage because of its proximity to the vast markets of eastern and northern India, access to ports such as Kolkata and Haldia and to raw material sources and mineral reserves from the neighbouring states. Major initiatives taken by the government to develop Bihar are:

  • Bihar is the 4th largest producer of vegetables & the 8th largest producer of fruits in India
  • Total FDI for Bihar & Jharkhand, between April 2000 and March 2019, stood at US$ 113 million.
  • With 89.10 million mobile subscribers in February 2019, Bihar** accounted for the third largest mobile subscriber base among all Indian states.
  • During 2018-19, Patna airport handled 28,087 aircraft movements and 4,061,990 passengers. During the same period Gaya airport handled 2,649 aircraft movements and 213,635 passengers.
  • As per 2019-20 Budget, Rs 34,798.69 crore (US $4.82 billion) has been allocated for education sector.
  • As of April 2019, Bihar had a total installed power generation capacity of 4,566.47 MW, of which 3,959.32 MW was contributed by central utilities, 70.70 MW by state utilities & 536.45 MW by private utilities.
  • During 2017-18, 11 sugar mills were operating in Bihar.
  • During 2017-18 (up to Feb-18), 438,000 MT sugar was produced in Bihar. Sugarcane production in Bihar stood at 16.51 million MT during 2017-18 (P).

Note: P – Provisional, ** Includes Jharkhand

Bihar State Presentation

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Bihar Map