Cashew Industry in India

Cashew Industry in India

Last Updated: July, 2015


Cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.), a native of Brazil, was introduced to India by the Portuguese nearly five centuries ago. In India, cashew was first introduced in Goa from where it spread to other parts of the country. In the beginning it was mainly used for soil binding to check erosion. Commercial cultivation began in the early 1960s and, over the years, cashew has become a crop of high economy and attained the status of an export-oriented commodity, earning considerable foreign exchange for the country.

Cashew Cultivation in India

  • India is one of the leading producers, processors and exporters of cashews in the world.
  • India has approximately 0.97 million hectares under cashew cultivation with productivity of 770 kilograms (KG) per hectare.
  • Maharashtra, Kerala and Karnataka are the primary producers of cashew along the western coast of the country, while Andhra Pradesh (AP), Odisha, Tamil Nadu (TN) and West Bengal (WB) are primary producers along the eastern coast.
  • In addition, cashew is also grown in Chhattisgarh, Goa, Gujarat and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Key Markets and Export Destinations

  • The country accounts for about 65 per cent of the world's total exports.
  • India exports kernels to more than 60 countries across the world.
  • In 2013-14, India's exports of cashew and cashew-based products were worth US$ 800 million.
  • In 2013-14, India exported 113,620 metric tonnes (MT) of cashew shipments which also constituted 9,226 MT of cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL), generating revenues US$ 825.89 million and US$ 6.18 million respectively.

Cashew Export Promotion Council of India

The Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI) works towards the promotion of the export of cashew kernels and cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL). The Council serves as an intermediary between importers of cashew kernels and exporters who are members of the council. It also deals with any disputes on exports/imports arising on account of quality standards, breach of contractual obligations, etc. It undertakes numerous activities, such as organising global buyer-seller meets, organising studies on the nutritional aspects of cashew and providing support to cashew processors and exporters for improving infrastructure.

The overall exports of cashew for FY 2014-15 stood at US$ 887.5 million

Ministry of Commerce


Other Export Promotion Councils:

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.


P.B. No. 1709
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Fax: +91-484-2377973
Email: cepc@cashewindia.org
Website: www.cashewindia.org

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