Media and Entertainment
India’s television market is expected to grow at CAGR of 15.5 per cent to reach US$ 15.2 billion in 2019.

Media and Entertainment Industry

Latest update: July, 2016

Television, one of the largest and fastest growing segment

 

• With a growth rate of 15.8 per cent in 2011, Indian television   industry stood second when compared with BRIC and other   major developed economies.

• In 2014, the television industry in India derived the major share of   its revenue from advertising segment (32.6 per cent) and the rest   from subscription (67 per cent)

• Nonetheless, the share of subscription in the overall revenue of   the TV segment is expected to increase to 69.3 per cent by FY19

Growth

Increasing investments in the sector

 

• FDI inflows into the entertainment sector during April 2000 to   September 2015 rose up to US$ 4.3 billion.

• As on September 2015, the share of FDI in ‘Information and   Broadcasting’ was 1.61 per cent of total FDI inflows into the   country.

• Demand growth, supply advantages and policy support are the   key drivers in attracting FDI.

Growth

Last Updated: July, 2016

ENTERTAINMENT SECTOR REPORT | January, 2016

Introduction

The Indian Media and Entertainment (M&E) industry is a sunrise sector for the economy and is making high growth strides. Proving its resilience to the world, the Indian M&E industry is on the cusp of a strong phase of growth, backed by rising consumer demand and improving advertising revenues.

The industry has been largely driven by increasing digitisation and higher internet usage over the last decade. Internet has almost become a mainstream media for entertainment for most of the people.

Market Dynamics

The Indian media & entertainment sector is expected to grow at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 13.9 per cent year-on-year to reach Rs 196,400 crore (US$ 29.11 billion)by 2019#.

India's Digital Advertising market has grown at a fast pace of 33 per cent annually between 2010 and 2015, while the spend as a percentage of total advertising increased to 13 per cent or nearly US$ 1 billion in 2015##.

In 2015, the overall Media and Entertainment industry grew 11.7 per cent over 2014@. The largest segment, India’s television industry, is expected to maintain its strong growth momentum led by subscription revenues, representing a year-on-year growth of about 13.2 per cent to reach Rs 60,000 crore (US$ 8.89 billion) in 2015.

Significantly, with the increased penetration of smartphones and expansion of 3G/4G network in India, the country is likely to see around nine billion mobile application (apps) downloads during 2015, which is five times more than 1.56 billion in 2012. This uptick in app-downloads is also expected to increase the revenue from paid apps to an estimated over US$ 241.16 million as against US$ 144.7 million in 2014.

Industry estimates reveal that video games industry grew at a record 22.4 per cent in 2014 over 2013, wherein its net worth rose to US$ 392 million. The Indian animation industry was valued at US$ 748 million in 2014 and is forecasted to grow at 15-20 per cent per annum.

The Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in the Information and Broadcasting (I&B) sector (including Print Media) in the period April 2000 – March 2016 stood at US$ 4.98 billion, as per data released by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).

Recent development/Investments

  • Vice Media LLC, a US-based digital media and broadcasting company, has entered into a Joint Venture (JV) agreement with the Times Group to open a new bureau and production hub in Mumbai, and launch digital, television, mobile and branded content in India.
  • Cinepolis, a Mexico-based multiplex chain, plans to add 160 more screens by investing around Rs 400 crore (US$ 59.29 million) in India in the next two years, thereby taking its total count to 400 screens in the country.
  • Dalian Wanda Group Co Ltd, world's largest cinema chain operator, has initiated talks with leading multiplex owners in India such as PVR Ltd and Carnival Cinemas Ltd, to acquire assets and enter the Indian market.
  • US based investment firm Tiger Global Management LLC has acquired a 25 per cent stake in 'The Viral Fever' (TVF), an online video content creator, for US$ 10 million.
  • Balaji Telefilms Limited (Balaji Telefilms) has raised Rs 150.08 crore (US$ 22.25 million) through allotmentof equity shares on preferential basis to catapult the launch and growth of ALT Digital Media, a Business-to-Consumer(B2C) digital content business segment of Balaji Group.
  • Global video-streaming service Netflix has entered India as high-speed Internet connectivity is becoming rapidly available to Indians and nearly one-fifth of India's 1.3 billion population is now online.
  • Reliance Entertainment (owned by Mr Anil Ambani) and DreamWorks (led by Mr Steven Spielberg), along with Participant Media (led by Mr Jeff Skoll) and Entertainment One (eOne) have formed a new film, television and digital content creation company called ‘Amblin Partners’, and have raised US$ 500 million in debt to develop and produce films.
  • ScoopWhoop, an Indian digital media and content start-up, has raised US$ 4 million from Kalaari Capital and plans to use the funds for expansion of its video production unit called ScoopWhoop Talkies.
  • Mobvista International Technology Ltd, a global mobile advertising and game publishing company, plans to increase its investment in India by US$ 100 million over 2015-18, with a view to capture a bigger share of the booming e-commerce and ad-tech space.
  • The digital arm of New Delhi Television Limited (NDTV) namely NDTV Convergence, that owns and operates the NDTV group's digital properties, has signed a deal worth US$ 13-15 million with content discovery platform Taboola.
  • Cinepolis India Private Limited, the Indian movie exhibition arm of Mexican chain Cinepolis, has plans to add 60 screens to take its total count to over 250 screens by the end of 2015.
  • Turner International India has announced the expansion of its television bouquet for children with the launch of Toonami, a channel dedicated to animated action. This is the American company’s third children’s channel in India after Cartoon Network and POGO. Toonami joins an assortment of over 15 channels in the kids’ genre, which attracts close to Rs 500 crore (US$ 73.36 million) in advertising.
  • San Francisco-based Twitter Inc. plans to set up a Research and Design (R&D) centre in Bengaluru to grow faster in emerging markets. This will be Twitter’s first such facility outside the US.
  • STAR India, a unit of 21st Century Fox, acquired the entire broadcast business of MAA Television Network Limited for an undisclosed amount.
  • Carnival Films Private Limited acquired Stargaze Entertainment Private Limited, a multiplex company, from a unit of Mukesh Ambani-controlled Network18 Media and Investments Limited.

Government Initiatives

The Government of India has supported Media and Entertainment industry’s growth by taking various initiatives such as digitising the cable distribution sector to attract greater institutional funding, increasing FDI limit from 74 per cent to 100 per cent in cable and DTH satellite platforms, and granting industry status to the film industry for easy access to institutional finance.

The Union Cabinet has approved the model Shops and Establishment Act, aimed at generating employment prospects by allowing cinema halls, restaurants, shops, banks and other such workplaces to remain open round the clock.

The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B) is working towards promoting ease of doing business, which will ensure less regulation and facilitate India to become the hub of media and entertainment industry.

The Government is planning to set up aNational CentreofExcellencefor media, which will provide training to the industry professionals, and has also decided to fundmovies, including Bollywood and regional films,for participating in foreign film festivals.

The Union Budget 2016-17 has proposed basic custom duty exemption on newsprint. The customs duty on wood in chips or particles for manufacture of paper, paperboard and newsprint has been reduced to 0 percent from 5 per cent.

Recently, the Indian and Canadian governments have signed an audio-visual co-production deal that would help producers from both countries to explore their technical, creative, artistic, financial and marketing resources for co-productions and, subsequently, lead to exchange of culture and art amongst them.

Furthermore, the Centre has given the go-ahead for licences to 45 new news and entertainment channels in India. Among those who have secured the licenses include established names such as Star, Sony, Viacom and Zee. Presently, there are 350 broadcasters which cater to 780 channels. “We want more competition and we wanted to open it up for the public. So far, we have approved the licences of 45 new channels. It’s a mix of both news and non-news channels,” said Mr Bimal Julka, Secretary, Ministry of I&B, Government of India.

The radio industry is expected to witness growth opportunities after the Phase III auction of 839 radio channels in 294 cities, expected to complete later this year. The Phase III auction, which started in July 2015, is expected to bring in an estimated US$ 390 million in revenue to the government. With over 800 frequencies up for auction in third- and fourth-tier towns, radio is likely to match the reach of print.

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister, Mr Narendra Modi, has given its approval for entering into an Audio-Visual Co-Production Agreement between India and the Republic of Korea (RoK) and to complete internal ratification procedure, to enable the agreement to come into force. Cooperation between the film industries of the two countries will not only promote export of Indian films but would also act as a catalyst towards creating awareness about India and its culture.

Road Ahead

The Indian Media and Entertainment industry is on an impressive growth path. The revenue from advertising is expected to grow at a CAGR of 13 per cent and will exceed Rs 81,600 crore (US$ 12.09 billion) in 2019 from Rs 41,400 crore (US$ 6.14 billion) in 2014. Internet access has surpassed the print segment as the second-largest segment contributing to the overall pie of M&E industry revenues.

Television and print are expected to remain the largest contributors to the advertising pie in 2018 as well. Internet advertising will emerge as the third-largest segment, with a share of about 16 per cent in the total M&E advertising pie. The film segment which contributed Rs 12,640 crore (US$ 1.87 billion) in 2014 is projected to grow steadily at a CAGR of 10 per cent on the back of higher domestic and overseas box-office collections as well as cable and satellite rights.

Digital advertising is expected to lead the CAGR with 30.2 per cent, followed by radio with 18.1 per cent. Animation and VFX, and television are expected to register a CAGR of 16.3 per cent and 15.5 per cent respectively, followed by growth rates of gaming (14.3 per cent), music (14.0 per cent), films (10 per cent) and OOH with 9.8 per cent expected CAGR. Within TV, subscription revenues are expected to be three times more than advertising revenues, by 2018. Growth in the regional reach of print and radio shall provide opportunities to further improve the advertisement revenue.

Exchange Rate Used: INR 1 = US$ 0.0148 as on July 11, 2016

References: Media Reports, Press Releases, Press Information Bureau, Department of Industrial Policy and promotion (DIPP), Union Budget 2016-17

Note – # - FICCI-KPMG India Media and Entertainment Industry Report 2015

@ - as per the ‘Shaping the Industry at a Time of Disruption’ report by Boston Consulting Group (BCG) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)

##- as per a report by Morgan Stanley

Disclaimer: This information has been collected through secondary research and IBEF is not responsible for any errors in the same.

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